Biography of Mahatma Gandhi

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (2 October 1869-30 January 1948) also called Mahatma Gandhi (Sanskrit: "great soul") is a spiritual leader and politician from India.
At the time of Gandhi's life, many countries which is a colony of Great Britain. Residents in the colonies yearning for independence to govern their own country.
Gandhi was one of the most important of which are involved in the Indian Independence Movement. He was an activist who did not use violence, which carries the movement for independence through peaceful demonstrations.


Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 in the state of Gujarat in India. Some of the members of his family worked on the government side. As a teenager, Gandhi moved to England to study law. After he became a lawyer, he went to South Africa, a British colony, where he experienced racial discrimination called apartheid. He then decided to become a political activist in order to change the laws that are discriminatory. Gandhi also formed a non-violent movement.

He started his career as a lawyer in South Africa, where he found a variety of racial issues for the first time. One time, during the journey on the train to Pretoria, Gandhi was asked to leave the passenger seat first class the host even though he had paid his ticket. Train conductor who is white with a cynical saying that in addition to white people are not allowed to occupy the seat first class. But Gandhi refused and insisted to continue occupying the chair he had paid for it. Because of this resistance, the conductor dropped her off at a small station.

That said, it was one incident which later made him always fought for justice. He always pointed out that we can fight injustice without violence. When I was in South Africa was Gandhi began to develop his ideas called Ahimsa or non-violence, and teach those Indians who live there how to apply Ahimsa to overcome injustices they experience. The method is also known as passive resistance or anti-cooperate with those who do injustice. Gandhi believed that, by rejecting-work, the person will eventually realize his mistake and then stop the unfair attitude.

When he returned to India, he helped in the process of India's independence from colonial Britain; this gives inspiration to people in other colonies to fight for their independence and break the British Empire to later form the Commonwealth.

People of different religions and tribes that lived in India when it believes that India needs to be broken down into several different groups of countries that can have their own country. Many who want to be the followers of Hinduism and Islam has its own state. Gandhi was a Hindu but he liked the ideas of other religions including Islam and Christianity. He believed that people of all religions should have equal rights and live together peacefully in one country.

In 1947, India became independent, split into two countries, India and Pakistan. It is not approved by Gandhi.

While the movement continues to progress, Gandhi continued his search for truth and devise appropriate strategies to face the enemy. He called it Satyagraha - Truth Enforcement. Gandhi believes that by seeing the suffering of someone who uphold the truth will make an impact and will touch the conscience of the perpetrators of mistreatment (the enemy). Satyagraha is then run extensively and effectively in the struggle for independence. This struggle eventually reach a point where Britain could not survive against the thousands of masses of the people who menetangnya, action-demanding independence peacefully. After all, Gandhi was convinced to each effort and the struggle waged by those who tutored him in the running of Satyagraha, and because of this doctrine and training Satyagraha struggle brings results
The principle of Gandhi, satyagraha, often translated as "the right way" or "the road to truth", has inspired generations of democratic activists and anti-racism such as Martin Luther King, Jr.. and Nelson Mandela. Gandhi often said that teaching values ​​is very simple, which is based on traditional Hindu beliefs: truth (satya), and non-violence (ahimsa).

On January 30, 1948, Gandhi was assassinated a Hindu man is angry with Gandhi because he was too partial to Muslims.

Nehru, Prime Minister of India, referring to Gandhi as India's largest figure after Gautama, the Buddha. When asked to comment about Gandhi, Einstein said: "At the time many people will not believe it and was amazed that a man such as Gandhi once lived on earth". Winston Churchill, British Prime Minister, called it 'Naked Fakir'.

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