Biography Bilal Bin Rabah - Muazin Rasulullah SAW

Bilal Bin Rabah Al-Habasyi born in the as-Sarah about 43 years before the hijra. His father named Rabah, while his mother was Hamamah, a black slave woman who lived in Mecca. Because his mother was, some people call Bilal ibnus as-Sauda '(son of a black woman). Bilal grew up in the town of Umm Al-Qura (Mecca) as children of a slave family owned Abdud-dar. When their father died, bequeathed to the Umayyad Bilal ibn Khalaf, a key figure Quraish.

When Mecca illuminated a new religion and the great Apostle of Allaah alaihi wasallam began the call for a sentence of unity, Bilal was among those first to embrace Islam. When Bilal embraced Islam, on this earth there are only a few people who have embraced the new religion that preceded it, such as Khadija bint Umm Mu'minin Khuwailid, Abu Bakr al-Siddiq, Ali ibn Abi Talib, 'Ammar ibn Yasir with his mother, Sumayyah, Shuhaib ar-Rumi, and al-Miqdad ibn al-Aswad.

Bilal felt the persecution of the idolaters are more severe than anyone. Various kinds of violence, torture, and cruelty whack him. But he, like other Muslims who are weak, be patient for exams in Allah's way with a rare patience shown by anyone capable of.

Muslims such as Abu Bakr and Ali ibn Abi Talib still have families and tribes who defended them. However, people who are oppressed (mustadh'afun) of the slave and the slave, did not have anyone, so that the people of Quraysh tortured without mercy. Quraysh wanted to make torture upon them as an example and a lesson for anyone who wants to follow the teachings of Muhammad.

Of the oppressed was tortured by the pagans of Quraish who take a very cruel and knows no love, like Abu Jahl who had stained himself by killing Sumayyah. He was insulting and berating, then plunged his spear in the stomach Sumayyah to penetrate the back, and gugurlah first martyrs in Islamic history.

Meanwhile, the brothers in arms Sumayyah, especially Bilal bin Rabah, continued relentlessly tortured by the Quraysh. Ordinarily, when the sun just above the crown and the desert of Mecca turned into a fireplace that was intense, the Quraysh began to undress Islamic people are oppressed, then put armor on them and let them burn by the sun that feels more scorching. Not quite up there, the Quraysh were whipping their bodies while forcing them to revile Mohammed.

Occasionally, when torture was so severe and the strength of the Muslims who were oppressed the more weak to hold it, they followed the will of the people of Quraish who tortured them were born, while his heart remains surrender to Allah and His Messenger, except Bilal, may God pleased with. For him, the suffering it still feels too light when compared to the love of God and struggle in His way.

Quraysh the most torturing Bilal ibn Khalaf was the Umayyad with the executioner. They hit the bare backs with whips Bilal, Bilal but simply said, "Sunday, Sunday ... (God Almighty)." They rest on the bare chest of Bilal with a hot stone, Bilal had just said, "Sunday, Sunday ...." They are increasingly increase the torture, but still says Bilal, "Sunday, Sunday ...."

They are forced to praise Latta Bilal and 'Uzza, but Bilal actually praising the name of Allah and His Messenger. They continue to force him, "Follow what we said!" Bilal replied, "My tongue can not tell." This response makes them more intense torture and harsh.

When feeling tired and bored torturing, the tyrant, the Umayyad bin Khalaf, Bilal's neck tie with a rough rope and give it to a number of people are not virtuous and children to pull on the streets and dragged him along Abthah1 Mecca. Meanwhile, Bilal enjoying the torture he received for defending the teachings of Allah and His Messenger. He continued to extol the magnificence of the statement, "Sunday ... Sunday ... Sunday ... Sunday ...." He continued repeated them without getting bored and tired.

One time, Abu Bakr radi 'anhu bid to Umayyad Bilal ibn Khalaf to buy from him. Umayyad raise prices doubled. He thought that Abu Bakr would not want to pay. But it turns out, Abu Bakr agreed, despite having issued nine uqiyah emas2. After the transaction, the Umayyad said to Abu Bakr, "Actually, if you bid up to a uqiyah all, then I would not hesitate to sell it." Abu Bakr replied, "If you give an offer to one hundred uqiyah all, then I would not hesitate to buy it. "

When Abu Bakr told the Messenger of Allaah alaihi wasallam that he had bought Bilal rescuing from the clutches of his tormentors, the Messenger of Allaah alaihi wasallam said to Abu Bakr, "Well, let me allied with you to pay him, O Abu Bakr." Ash- Siddiq radi 'anhu replied, "I've memerdekakannya, Messenger of Allah."

Bilal lived in Medina quietly and away from the reach of the people of Quraish who frequently abused her. Now, he devotes all his attention to accompany the Prophet as well as her lover, Muhammad peace and blessings' alayhi wasallam. Bilal has always followed the Messenger of Allaah alaihi wasallam wherever he went. Always with him in prayer and when to go for jihad. Being with the Messenger of Allaah alaihi wasallam is like a shadow that never separated from their owners.

When the Messenger of Allaah alaihi wasallam finished building the Prophet's Mosque in Madina and set the call to prayer, Bilal then appointed as the first call to prayer (muezzin) in Islamic history.

Usually, after a call to prayer, Bilal standing by the door of the Messenger of Allaah alaihi wasallam and cried, "Hayya 'alashsholaati Hayya' alashsholaati ... (Let's praying, let's make a profit ....)" Then, when the Messenger of Allaah alaihi wasallam out of Bilal's house and saw him, Bilal sang iqamat soon.

One time, Najasyi, King Habashah, presented three short spear which include most special items hers to the Messenger of Allaah alaihi wasallam. Messenger of Allaah alaihi wasallam take a spear, while the remainder was given to Ali ibn Abu Talib and Umar Ibn Khattab, but not long after, he gave the spear to Bilal. Since then, during his life, Bilal always carried a short spear was everywhere. He took the opportunity of two prayer 'id (Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha), and prayer istisqa' (please rain), and drove it in front of him while praying outside the mosque.

Bilal was accompanying the Prophet 'alaihi wasallam in the Battle of Badr. He saw with his own eyes how God fulfilled His promise and helped his army. He also saw the direct deaths of the princes of Quraish who had tortured him greatly. He saw Abu Jahl ibn Khalaf and fell berkalang Umayyad lands of the Muslims and the sword pierced his blood flowing because lance people they tortured first.

When the Messenger of Allaah alaihi wasallam conquered Makkah, he walked in front of his green troops with "the pengumandang call the sky", Bilal ibn Rabah. As I entered the Kaaba, he was only accompanied by three persons, namely Uthman ibn Talhah, carriers key to the Kaaba, Usama bin Zaid, known as the beloved Messenger of Allaah alaihi wasallam and the son of her lover, and Bilal ibn Rabah, muezzins Messenger Allaah alaihi wasallam.

Prayers Zhuhur arrived. Thousands of people gathered around the Messenger of Allaah alaihi wasallam, including those newly converted to Islam Quraysh then, either willingly or forced. Everything is the great sight. At times it's very historic, the Messenger of Allaah alaihi wasallam called Bilal bin Rabah to go up to the roof of the Kaaba to carry a sentence of monotheism from there. Bilal's Apostle carried out the orders of Allaah be happy alayhi wasallam, then a call to prayer with a clean and clear voice.

Thousands of pairs of eyes looked at him and a thousand tongues to follow the call to prayer dikumandangkannya sentence. But on the other hand, people who do not believe with all my heart, do not bury the power of envy in the chest. They feel envy had torn their hearts.

When prayer is voiced Bilal came to the sentence, "ASYHADU anna Muhammadan rasuulullaahi (I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah)". Juwairiyah bint Abu Jahl muttered, "Surely Allah has raised kedudukanmu. Indeed, we still will pray, but for the sake of Allah, we do not like people who have killed the people we care about. "I mean, is his father who died in the Battle of Badr.

Usaid bin Khalid said, "I thank God who has glorified him by not witnessing the events of this day." Incidentally, his father died the day before the Messenger of Allaah alaihi wasallam entered the city of Mecca. While Al-Harith bin Hisham said, "It's unfortunate fate, why did I not die before seeing Bilal climbed onto the Kaaba." Al-Hakam ibn Abi al-`As said," By Allah, this is a very big disaster. A slave to sons of Jumah voiced on this building (the Ka'ba). "

While Abu Sufyan who was near them simply said, "I do not say anything, because if I make a statement, although only one sentence, then it will definitely come to Muhammad bin Abdullah." Bilal the muezzin fixed for the Messenger of Allaah alaihi wasallam life. During that time, the Messenger of Allaah alaihi wasallam loved the sound when racked with torture so severe in the past, he recited the words, "on Sunday ... Sunday ... (God Almighty)."

Shortly after the Messenger of Allaah alaihi wasallam exhaled his last breath, prayer time arrives. Bilal stood for a call to prayer, while the bodies of the Messenger of Allaah alaihi wasallam still wrapped in a shroud and buried yet. When Bilal came to the sentence, "ASYHADU anna Muhammadan rosuulullaahi (I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah)", his voice suddenly stopped. He could not raise his voice again. The Muslims who were there could not stop crying, then burst into sobs sound that makes the atmosphere more blue confuse.

Since the departure of the Prophet Sholallahu 'alayhi wasallam, Bilal could only call to prayer for three days. Each came to the sentence, "ASYHADU anna Muhammadan rosuulullaahi (I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah)", he sobbed. Similarly, the Muslims who hear it, dissolves into a bitter weeping.

Therefore, Bilal pleaded with Abu Bakr, who replaced Sholallahu Prophet 'alaihi wasallam as a leader, not a call to prayer to be allowed anymore, because it is not up to it. In addition, Bilal also asked permission to get out of the city of Medina with the reason for jihad in Allah's way and fought to the Sham region.

Initially, al-Siddiq was hesitant to grant the petition as well Bilal let out of the city of Medina, but Bilal urged him, saying, "If you had bought me for the sake of yourself, then you have the right to arrest me, but if you have free me for God, then let me freely to Him. "

Abu Bakr replied, "By Allah, I actually bought for God, and I memerdekakanmu also because of God." Bilal replied, "Well, I would never call to prayer for anyone after the Messenger of Allaah alaihi wasallam died. 'Abu Bakr replied, "Well, I grant it." Bilal left Medina with the first troops sent by Abu Bakr. He lived in the area Darayya located not far from the city of Damascus. Bilal really do not want a call to prayer until the arrival of Umar Ibn Khattab to the Sham region, which again met with Bilal radi 'anhu after separate long enough.

Umar missed the meeting with Bilal and respect him so much, so if anyone mentions the name of Abu Bakr al-Siddiq in front of him, then Umar replied immediately (which means), "Abu Bakr is our master and our lord has set (ie Bilal). "

In a chance meeting, a number of Bilal's friends urge to want a call to prayer in the presence of al-Faruq Omar Ibn Khattab. When Bilal's voice was again heard a loud call to prayer, 'Umar could not restrain her tears, then she began sobbing, which is then followed by all the friends in attendance until their beards wet with tears. Bilal voice their desire to stir up all times of life that is passed in Medina with the Messenger of Allaah alaihi wasallam. Bilal, "pengumandang call it heaven", remained in Damascus until his death.

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