Biography of Jackie Chan

Jackie Chan, S.B.S., M.B.E. (Chinese language: 成龙; pinyin: Cheng Long; born with the name 陈 港 生; pinyin: Chen Gǎngshēng; born in Victoria Peak, Hong Kong, April 7, 1954; age 57 years) is an actor, director, stuntman, producer, martial arts actor, comedy actors, screen writers and singers from Hong Kong. He was one of the well-known figure in the martial arts (kung fu) from China and screen actor known for world wide action akrobatiknya fight, experts use a variety of tools found in the surroundings as a weapon and actor who has a lot of innovation. He has focused on the role of art since the 1970s, and has appeared in no less than 100 films and had received awards at the Hong Kong Avenue of Stars and the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
As a cultural icon, he has been referenced in various pop songs, cartoons and video games. Besides acting, she is a Cantopop and Mandopop star, and has published no less than 20 albums since 1984 and sung many musical themes from the movies that diperaninya. In 2008, he, along with Andy Lau, Liu Huan and Emil Chau, sang the farewell song "Hard to Say Goodbye" at the closing ceremony of 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, China.

Early life

He was born in 1954 in Victoria Peak, Hong Kong, with the name Chan Kong Sang (meaning "born in Hong Kong") son of Charles and Lee-Lee Chan, refugees from the Chinese Civil War. His nickname was Pao Pao (Chinese: 炮 炮, literally meaning "Cannonball") because he's always rolling around as an infant. His parents worked padaKedutaan France to Hong Kong, so automatically he spent his childhood in the embassy residence in the Victoria Peak district.

Chan attended the Nah-Hwa Primary School on Hong Kong, but unfortunately, he did not pass so that his parents withdrew him from school. In 1960, his father emigrated to Canberra, Australia and worked as head cook for the American embassy, ​​and Chan schooled to Chinese Drama Academy, a Peking Opera School is owned and run by Master Yu Jim Yuen.

During the school there, he made many valuable lessons and gain expertise in kung fu martial arts and acrobatics. [5] A few times he ever participated in a group of Seven Little Fortunes, a group of performers drawn from the best students from the school, and get a stage name Yuen Lo over the top to achieve them. In that time he was close friends with Sammo Hung and Yuen Biao, where the trio was later known by the nickname Three Brothers or Three Dragons.

At the age of 8 years, he has appeared with the group of "Little Fortunes", in the film Big and Little Wong Tin Bar (1962), with Li Li Hua acting as a mother. He appeared with Li again the following year, in the story of The Love Eterne (1963) and get a small role in the movie King Hu's 1966, Come Drink with Me. In 1971, after appearing again in the feature films of King Hu, entitled, A Touch of Zen, he began a career as an adult in the world film industry, by signing a contract with the company's Chu Mu's Great Earth Film. [7] At the age of turned 17 years old, he worked as a stuntman in Bruce Lee films entitled Fist of Fury and Enter the Dragon under the stage name Chen Yuen Long. [8] He received his primary role in the same year in a film called Little Tiger of Canton, that only a limited circulation in Hong Kong in 1973. [9]
Because failure to meet several times in the adventure film industry in the early career and the difficulty getting a replacement role, he eventually helped emigrated to Canberra, Australia in 1976, where he had been studying at Dickson College and worked as a construction worker.

Friends of the building worker named Jack became his supervisor, so that gradually he got his nickname as "Little Jack" (Jack's small) which later shortened to "Jackie", which in the end the name "Jackie Chan" attached to it since then.  In addition, he changed his Chinese name to Fong Si Lung, since his family name is Fong.

Film career

The film, made in 1978, Drunken Master, which brought him fame.
Early years: 1976-1980
In 1976, Jackie Chan received a telegram from Willie Chan, a film producer in the world of Hong Kong film industry who had been impressed by the actions stuntnya. Willie Chan offered a role in a direction of Lo Wei's film. Lo had seen its actions in the direction of John Woo film Hand of Death (1976) and had planned to become the successor to Bruce Lee in the film New Fist of Fury. [7] His stage name was changed to Sing Lung (Chinese: 成龙, literally means "the dragon") to emphasize its resemblance to Bruce Lee, whose stage name was Lei Siu Lung (Chinese: 李小龙, which means "Little Dragon"). But unfortunately the film did not gain success because Chan has a slightly different style of martial arts Bruce Lee's kung fu. Despite the failure, Lo Wei still making movies with themes that are quite similar, but just picked it up a little in order best-selling films.

Chan that made her famous debut is a film made in 1978, Snake in the Eagle's Shadow. Under the direction of Yuen Woo Ping, Chan get the freedom to perform various martial arts action at will. The film is categorized as a comedy kung fu movies, and proved to be the best work for the audience of Hong Kong. Chan then act in a subsequent role in the film Drunken Master, who took him to the peak of fame.
When Chan returned to Lo Wei's studio, Lo tried to replicate the approach re-comedy from the previous film, Drunken Master, thus producing the film with the title Half a Loaf of Kung Fu and Spiritual Kung Fu.

He also gave an opportunity to assist directing of Chan Fearless Hyena with Kenneth Tsang. When Willie Chan left the company, he advised Jackie to decide for themselves to stay with Lo Wei or not. During the period of shooting Fearless Hyena Part II, Chan decided to contract in the middle of the road and chose to join the Golden Harvest, which results in blackmail Chan Lo use the services of triads, blaming Willie for the main star has left them. Disputes between them ended with the help of fellow actor and director, Jimmy Wang Yu, allowing Chan to stay with Golden Harvest.

In this type of film comedy: 1980-1987

Police Story film, or the nickname "Glass Story" over his stunt work, made in modern times.
Willie Chan eventually become a "personal manager" of Jackie and make it as a true friend for not less than 30 years. He had been instrumental in launching Chan's international career, with a plunge into the world of American film industry in the 1980s.
His first Hollywood film was Battle Creek Brawl which was circulated in 1980. Chan then get a small role in a film production in 1981, The Cannonball Run, which grossed U.S. $ 100 million overall worldwide. Although not as calculated by the general public for installing an American actor like Burt Reynolds, Chan is famous for its appearance titlenya closing credits, which gave him the inspiration to do the same thing in subsequent films. After the commercial failure of his film, The Protector in 1985, Chan rested for a while in his attempt to penetrate the American market, and return the focus to Hong Kong films.

Back to Hong Kong, Chan's starting to get recognition from the general public, particularly Southeast Asia, with the successful opening in the Japanese market including The Young Master (1980) and Dragon Lord (1982). Chan made a few friends to play the comedy with opera and Yuen Biao Sammo Hung. For the first time they played together in a film made in 1983, Project A, and received awards for Best Action Design Award at the Hong Kong Film Awards in the third annual event. For more than two years, "Three Brothers" appeared several times in movies and movie Wheels on Meals Lucky Stars trilogy.

In 1985, Chan made the first film of the Police Story, a comedy action film which is influenced by America, in which Chan plays himself stuntnya roles. It was named as "Best Movie" in the Hong Kong Film Awards in 1986.

Then in 1987, Chan played "Asian Hawk", a character similar to the character of Indiana Jones, the film Armour of God. This film is a film that gives the largest domestic income of Chan during this time, with a gross income of approximately HK $ (Hong Kong Dollars) 35 million.
Advanced film and its penetration into Hollywood: 1988-1998

Chan in the film which is able to penetrate the dominance of American films through film Rumble in the Bronx.
In 1988 Chan starred along with Hung and Yuen, in the film Dragons Forever. Hung became director together with Corey Yuen, and who gets the role as the villain is Yuen Wah, both of whom were graduates of the China Drama Academy.
In the late 1980s and early 1990s, Chan starred in a number of successful sequels beginning with Police Story 2, which won the award for Best Action Choreography at the 1989 Hong Kong Film Awards. Which is then followed by the success of Armour of God II: Operation Condor, and Police Story 3, for which Chan won the Best Actor Award at the 1993 Golden Horse Film Festival. In 1994, Chan returned to repeat his role as Wong Fei Hung in Drunken Master II, which is listed in Time Magazine's 100 films are remembered as long as masa.Film sequel, Police Story 4: First Strike, brought more awards and success in domestic for Chan, but not for the international market. [23] Jackie Chan resumed his efforts to fulfill his ambition to conquer the world of film industry in Hollywood in the 1990s, but he would not accept a role as a villain in Hollywood films to avoid getting the same role in times to come. For example, Sylvester Stallone offered him the role of Simon Phoenix, a career criminal in the futuristic crime-themed film, Demolition Man, until finally it fell into the hands of the role of Wesley Snipes.
Chan finally managed to set foot on North American market in 1995 with circulation to the international film titled Rumble in the Bronx, which in turn opens the way to go in and dominate the market the United States, where it is very rarely obtained by cinematographer-filmmaker from Hong Kong.
The success of Rumble in the Bronx encourage the circulation of another film in 1996, Police Story 3 in the United States, under the title Supercop, which grossed no less than U.S. $ 16,270,600 . Jackie shared a major role along with Chris Tucker in action films comedy published in 1998, Rush Hour, and no less dar revenue stream of U.S. $ 130 million just in the United States alone.

In 1998, Chan circulated last film under the banner of Golden Harvest, Who Am I?. After no longer cooperate with the Golden Harvest in 1999, he was to direct Gorgeous, a romantic comedy film to emphasize the personal relationship. Chan then helped in the creation of a PlayStation game in 2000 called Jackie Chan Stuntmaster, where he displays the voice and actions of his martial arts into the game. Since that year, Chan also appeared in the animated cartoon series, Jackie Chan Adventures, which runs until 2005.

Although some of his films have such success in 2000 Shanghai Noon, Rush Hour 2 in 2001 and Shanghai Knights in 2003, Chan became frustrated with Hollywood over the difficulty in controlling the manufacture of his movies. [31] Following the resignation of the Golden Harvest of the world film industry in 2003, Chan began to establish his own film production company, JCE Movies Limited (Jackie Chan Emperor Movies Limited) in association with Emperor Multimedia Group (EMG). [16] Since then his films led to many aspects dramatically while continuing to succeed as a film-grossing films, like New Police Story (2004), The Myth (2005) and Rob-B-Hood (2006).
Chan's next was Rush Hour 3 which was circulated in August, 2007. The film will include gross revenues of approximately U.S. $ 140 million - U.S. $ 100 million less than the second film, but almost the same as the income received from the film pertamanya.Namun unfortunately, the film provides enough income ugly in his homeland, Hong Kong, where the film only provide gross income of HK $ 3.5 million in screenings at the end of the week.

The filming of The Forbidden Kingdom, for the first time Chan collaborated with Chinese actor friend, Jet Li, who successfully completed on August 24, 2007 and circulated in April 2008. Chan provided the voice of the character Master Monkey in a film made by DreamWorks Animation, Kung Fu Panda, which was circulated in June 2008, where the film also features several other well-known stars like Jack Black, Dustin Hoffman and Angelina Jolie. In addition, he also signed a contract to assist Anthony Szeto in an advisory capacity to the script writer of the upcoming film titled Wushu, which is currently still in pre-production stage. The film will star Sammo Hung and Wang Wenjie as father and son. [40] In November 2007, Chan started shooting for the filming Shinjuku Incident with director Derek Yee, in which Chan will act as a Chinese immigrant in Japan. Now taking the picture has been completed and entered post-production stage. The film was released in the cinemas of Hong Kong on 25 September 2008.Dari existing data on his blog, Chan wishes to direct another film after completing Shinjuku Incident, something that has not been done in recent years ini.Film third of the expected continuation The Armour of God series, and is called the Armour of God III: Chinese Zodiac. Chan said that he wanted to start taking pictures since 1 April 2008, but the target has been exceeded. If the Screen Actors Guild have not strike, Chan should have started shooting for the film The Spy Next Door in mid-October, and make the status of the Armour of God III: Chinese Zodiac float. In the movie The Spy Next Door, Chan plays a secret agent who was doing undercover but exposed when she took care of neighborhood kids.
Jackie Chan is almost always conduct their own dangerous roles in all his films without a stuntman, which actions were designed by his team, Jackie Chan Stunt Team. Because this team has been established since 1983, Chan always use them in all his films so as to facilitate in the setting of the choreography, because he was familiar with both the ability of each team member. Chan and timnyalah that became a substitute role of other figures, which capture the picture made ​​in such a way that does not directly take pictures of the face.

Danger on the choice of Chan to do all the stunts in his films makes it difficult to get insurance for themselves, especially in the United States, where a contract, the action will dibatasi.Chan also be one holder of the Guinness World Record for "Most Stunts By A Living Actor ", which means" no insurance company will support the production of films Chan, because he did his own actions were dangerous. "in addition, he also holds the record for most shots in a scene, which had done the shooting back as many as 2900 times for a fairly complex scene in a badminton game in Dragon Lord.

Chan has been injured many times in shooting a dangerous scene; where the pieces of the scene displayed in the closing scene of all his films. He almost met his end in the shooting of the film Armour of God, when he fell from a tree and broke his bones, and the resulting hole in his head fixed. For years also, Chan had suffered bruises on his pelvis and broken fingers, feet, nose, second spine, hips, sternum, neck and ribs in some instances.

Artist Status

Jackie Chan get a lot of international awards for his role of art, also won several awards including the Innovator Award from the American Choreography Awards and an award for lifetime achievement from the Taurus World Stunt Awards. Besides his name also tertoreh in the Hollywood Walk of Fame and the Hong Kong Avenue of Stars. Although many reap success as a box office films in Hollywood, American films of Chan also criticized for the action choreography. The assessors of Rush Hour 2, The Tuxedo, Shanghai Knights and criticized for a little action matches compared with the previous films. Various action comedy widely questioned, even some critics refer to it as rather childish.

Chan is a cultural icon, was mentioned in the song Ash "Kung Fu" and also as "Jackie Chan" by Frank Chickens, and television shows Celebrity Deathmatch and Family Guy. He was also the inspiration for manga such as Dragon Ball (including a character with the pseudonym "Jackie Chun"), a character Lei Wulong in Tekken and combat styles of Pokémon Hitmonchan. In addition, Jackie Chan is also a partner of Mitsubishi Motors. In return, Mitsubishi cars alerts almost certainly be found in some of the last film. In recognition of the Mitsubishi, they gave it a new series called Evolution, a special edition car accessories that can be set according to the will of each buyer.

Some video games featuring Jackie Chan. Before there were video games Stuntmaster, Chan already has its own form of the game, Jackie Chan's Action Kung Fu, which was circulated in 1990 for the PC and NES. In 1995, Chan appeared in a game arcade fight, Jackie Chan The Kung-Fu Master. It also had circulated various forms of the game Jackie Chan from Japan that circulated in the MSX by Pony, based on such films (Project A, Project A 2, Police Story, The Protector and Wheels On Meals).

Jackie Chan is also a successful singer, especially in Hong Kong and Asia, and began to have some of the albums songs recorded professionally in the 1980s. He also often sings his own theme song from his movies, and play it at the end of the film. In 2004, Chan launched her own clothing brand, with a dragon logo and the words in English, "Jackie".
Chan has always wanted to be a role model for kids, and still known to them because her acting is very natural. Selian as she has always refused to play the villain and never uses the word fuck in all film-filmnya.Yang throughout his life was very sad at not getting a chance to get a good education, inspiring him to fund educational institutions around the world. He funded the construction juag Jackie Chan Science Centre at the Australian National University and the provision of schools for the haves not in China.
Chan is a spokesperson of the Government of Hong Kong, and often appeared in public service announcements. In an ad titled Clean Hong Kong, Hong Kong he encourages residents not to litter again, a problem that has been a problem all the inhabitants of this land for centuries and abad.Selain it in an ad campaign for nationalism, he explains briefly what aerti from March of the Volunteers, the national anthem of the People's Republic of China.Ketika Hong Kong Disneyland opened in 2005, Chan participated in the ceremony pembukaannya.Di United States, Chan appeared together with Arnold Schwarzenegger in ads against piracy as well as make announcements to the public working with the Los Angeles County Sheriff Lee Read to in droves, especially Asians, to join the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department.

July 2008, China BTV television series called The Disciple (Traditional Hanzi: 龙的传人; Chinese language: 龙的传人) ends. Series was created by, and featuring Jackie Chan. The goal is to find candidates for new star, has expertise in the martial arts world, which will become the next generation of Chan and became his disciple in the making of a film. The contestants have been trained in advance by the Jackie Chan Stunt Team members Alan Wu and He in June and have expertise in many other fields, including the explosion scene playback, high-wire walking, shooting, stunt cars, diving, and avoid some obstacles .
One of his regular jury is He Ping, Yue Wu and Cheng Pei Pei. While the jury guests include Stanley Tong, Sammo Hung Yuen Biao Dand. Section "Final" begins on April 5, 2008, with 16 participants remaining, and ended on June 26, 2008. The event was attended by, among others, Tsui Hark, John Woo, Ng See Yuen and Yu Rong Guang.

The winner was Jacky Tu (Tu Sheng Cheng), and both are champions Yang Zheng and Jerry Liau. Tu is now being groomed for a role in China's three action movies of today, where one of the script he wrote himself, and they will be directed by Chan and his company, JCE Movies Limited. The film will be called Speedpost 206, Will not Tell You and Tropical Toranado that will be directed by Xie Dong, Jiang Tao and Cai Rong Hui. The sixteen participants who managed to reach the stairs as the finalists will be given a chance to perform, or join the Jackie Chan Stunt Team. Shooting the first film which is planned in September 2008. They also will get a role in BTV television action series. Currently the museum building is being done to Jackie Chan in Shanghai. Work has started doing weight since Jul 2008 and is planned for completion in October 2009.


Chan is a philanthropist who is very friendly and an ambassador of UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador, has worked tirelessly to campaign for social work. He also has campaigned for conservation ethic, against mistreatment of animals and raise funds for flood victims in Mainland China and the Indian Ocean earthquake 2004.Menginjak June 2006, he announced that nearly 50 percent of the company's assets will be donated to charity when he dies, triggered upon his admiration for the characters Warren Buffett and Bill Gates to help those who need it.

Dated March 10, 2008, Chan became a guest at the launch figures, led by Prime Minister of Australia, Kevin Rudd, on a Jackie Chan Science Centre at the John Curtin School of Medical Research, Australian National University in Canberra. Jackie Chan also support efforts for the preservation of Save China's Tigers are aimed at preventing the destruction of the Chinese Tiger extremely rare South China tiger, through education that taught him to bring his animal soul and release it back into the wild. He has also been a great ambassador for this conventional projects.

After the 2008 Sichuan earthquake, Chan donated ¥ 10 million to help those in need. Besides, he also plans to make a film about China earthquake to solicit donations for the survivors. Chan has an awkwardness in his first visit to Taipei, Taiwan on June 18, 2008 because he was accused by Taiwan's president in elections in 2004. "I did not know what to say, I did not know what clothes to wear. So in the end, I just decided to be natural."

Many Taiwan residents greeted with derision: "We do not accept you!" and "Get Out!" at Taoyuan International Airport. Even so Chan has never apologized. He will attend a charity fund raiser for the kids, "Baby is Our Hope" held by one of the cable TV channel TVBS. Representatives from governments, Vanessa Shih Taiwan asked residents to remain calm.

Jackie Chan and Bears: During Chan made the depiction of "Around the World in 80 Days" in Berlin, Germany, he met with United Buddy Bears for the first time. At that time, there is Buddy Bears in Berlin throughout the airport. Jackie tertanya questions about these colorful bears and probing. He found the bear is the idea of ​​the population of Berlin, Klaus and Eva Herlitz.
He was told they wanted to convey mesej important - something that he himself has worked hard to convey: we all must live together safely, peacefully. He also told bahawa Buddy Bears collects money for virtue. Chan captivated by Buddy Bears, so he involves himself brings United Circle of Buddy Bears to Hong Kong in 2004.

Personal life

In 1982, Jackie Chan married Lin Feng-Jiao, a Taiwanese actress. In the same year they had a son, singer and actor Jaycee Chan.
"In a scandal in 1999, he acknowledged having a daughter with the winner of Miss Asia Pageant 1990, Elaine Ng," although paparazzi also often connect associate with "everyone from the female Taiwanese singer Teresa Teng to the famous actress Anita Mui."

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