Biography of President Sukarno

Sukarno, first President of the Republic of Indonesia who was called Bung Karno, was born in Blitar, East Java, June 6, 1901 and died in Jakarta, June 21, 1970. His father named Raden Soekemi Sosrodihardjo and his mother Ida Ayu Nyoman Rai. During his life, he has three wives and had eight children. Fatmawati wife have children from Guntur, Megawati, Rachmawati, Sukmawati and thunder. From the wife Hartini have Taufan and Bayu, while the wife Ratna Sari Dewi, a woman whose original Japanese derivatives have children Kartika Naoko Nemoto.

Biography of President Sukarno

When born, Sukarno given name Kusno Sosrodihardjo by his parents. But because he was often ill, when he was five years his name was changed to Soekarno by his father. The name was taken from a warlord in the story of Bharata Yudha of Karna. The name "Karna" to "Karno" because in the Java language the letter "a" changed to "o" while the prefix "su" means "good".

At a later date when it became the President of Indonesia, Sukarno was replaced by him spelling his own name into Sukarno because he thought the name was used spelling invaders. He still uses the name Sukarno in his signature because the signature is the signature contained in the Declaration of Independence Text Indonesia that should not be changed. The name is familiar to Sukarno Sukarno.

Sukarno's childhood just a few years living with his parents in Blitar. During elementary school until graduation, he lived in Surabaya, lodger in the house Haji Said Oemar Tokroaminoto, veteran politician Syarikat founder of Islam. Then go to school in HBS (Hoogere Burger School). While studying at HBS, Sukarno had galvanize nationalist spirit. After graduating HBS in 1920, moved to Bandung and continue to THS (Technische Hoogeschool or school who is now a High Engineering ITB). He won the title "Ir" on May 25, 1926.

Then, he formulated and established the doctrine Marhaenism PNI (Nationalist Party lndonesian) on July 4, 1927, with the goal of an independent Indonesia. As a result, the Netherlands, put him in jail Sukamiskin, New York on December 29, 1929. Eight months later a new trial. In his defense, entitled Indonesia Sues, he showed apostasy Netherlands, a nation that claims it is more advanced.

Defense that made the Dutch more upset. So in July 1930, PNI was dissolved. After his release in 1931, Sukarno joined Partindo and well led. As a result, he was re-arrested by the Dutch and exiled to Ende, Flores, 1933. Four years later moved to Bengkulu.

After going through a long struggle, Bung Karno and Bung Hatta proclaimed Indonesia's independence on August 17, 1945. In the trial BPUPKI dated June 1, 1945, Ir.Soekarno present ideas about the basis of the state which he called Pancasila. Dated August 17, 1945, Ir Soekarno and Drs. Mohammad Hatta proclaimed Indonesia's independence. In the trial PPKI, August 18, 1945 Ir.Soekarno elected by acclamation as the first President of the Republic of Indonesia.

Previously, he also managed to formulate Pancasila which later became the basis (ideology) of the Unitary Republic of Indonesia. He seeks to unite the archipelago. Even Sukarno tried to gather the nations of Asia, Africa, and Latin America with the Asian-African Conference in Bandung in 1955 which later evolved into the Non-Aligned Movement.

G-30-S/PKI rebellion that gave birth to a great political crisis led to rejection of the Assembly of accountability. Instead the Assembly raised Soeharto as Acting President. His health continued to deteriorate, which on Sunday, June 21, 1970 he died in the army hospital. He was buried at Wisma Yaso, Jakarta and was buried in Blitar, East Java near the tomb of his mother, Ida Ayu Nyoman Rai. Confer the government as a "Hero of the Proclamation".

01 June 1945 Sukarno delivering basic philosophy and vision of the State who became known as the birthday of Pancasila. On 18-25 April 1955 Sukarno took Indonesia successfully held in Bandung Asia-Africa Konferesi. 05 July 1959 Sukarno issued a decree that states re-enactment of the 1945 Constitution. 30 September 1960 Sukarno reminded the liberation of West Irian and realized with Trikora. January 14, 1999 received tokens of appreciation golden badge of duty, partly from a series of other titles, including 27 honorary doctorates.

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