Biography of Charlie Chaplin - The Legend Comedian

Charlie Chaplin was born on 16 April 1889 in East Street, a busy market area in Walworth, south London. Both parents are working as entertainers performing music hall comedy Chaplin divorced before the age of 3 years. According to census data in 1891, Chaplin and his mother live with sister named Hannah on Barlow Street, Walworth. While still a child, her mother invites to stay Chaplin moved around Kennington Road, Lambeth areas, London. His biological father named Charles Chaplin Senior is a descendant of the Romans, a drinker and only occasionally have to contact his son.

When his mother was ill, Chaplin had left at home when his father was living with a mistress. The house at 287 Kennington Road, and now there is a commemorative plaque stating Charlie Chaplin once lived there. When I was 12 years old, Chaplin left his father for ever. Chaplin's father and another sister named by one venter Sydney Chaplin is the responsibility of the mother, Hannah Chaplin. Poor can not be denied, Chaplin's mother suffered from schizophrenia and eventually be admitted to Cane Hill mental hospital in Coulsdon.

Chaplin was forced to stay at the shelter the poor, work for reward food and shelter in the area of ​​Lambeth, London. After staying there a few weeks, Chaplin entered a boarding school shelters waif named Central London District School in Hanwell.

Chaplin brothers fought shoulder to shoulder in order to survive. They gravitated to the Music Hall at a very early age, and both proved to have a natural acting talent. Chaplin's childhood poverty are contained later very influential on the character, played and made the theme of the movie. Unknown to Chaplin brothers, the mother still has a son named Wheeler Dryden father who grew up abroad. Wheeler Dryden, Chaplin's brother was later joined by one venter with the Chaplin family, and worked for Chaplin in Hollywood studio. In 1928, Chaplin's mother died in Hollywood, after 7 years living in the United States by her sons that have been successful.

His first stage in 1894 when he was 5 years old. Without previous preparation, at a theater in Aldershot, Chaplin suddenly asked to replace her mother. As a child, Chaplin was seriously ill and had to lie in bed for weeks. In the evening, his mother would sit at the window, telling her to dramatize the events of that day. His first stage to get paid after joining a group of dancers of The Eight Lancashire Lads who staged the show music halls in Britain. In 1900, thanks to the help of Sydney (brother sekandungnya), Chaplin, who was aged 11 years have had a role as a playful cat in the pantomime Cinderella at the London Hippodrome. In 1903, Chaplin appeared in Jim: A Romance of Cockayne, followed his usual role as a newspaper delivery boy Billy in Sherlock Holmes ever lived until 1906. Chaplin appeared next in the event Casey's Court Circus variety, and the following year as a buffoon in a comedy group slapstik Fun Factory under the tutelage of Fred Karno.

His first road show to America following the care of Fred Karno's group from 1910 to 1912. Upon return to England and stayed for five months, Chaplin went back to America and arrived there on October 2, 1912. Chaplin's second arrival in America was with Fred Karno. Arthur Stanley Jefferson was later known as Stan Laurel to participate in the group and became roommates in the hostel Chaplin. Laurel returned to England but Chaplin remained in the United States. In late 1913, a film producer Mack Sennett's acting impressed with Chaplin, who was playing for the Karno troupe. Sennet Chaplin contract who agree to play in films produced by the Keystone Film studio. Short film Making a Living, one reel comedy released on February 2, 1914 was Chaplin's first appearance on the silver screen.

Chaplin's early films produced in 1914 at Keystone Studios, which is where Chaplin learned filmmaking techniques, while developing Tramp character. Chaplin's Tramp character was first introduced to the public through the second film, Kid Auto Races at Venice (released February 7, 1914) and his third film Mabel's Strange Predicament (January 9, 1914).

At the end of the contract with Keystone, Chaplin was able to direct and edit their own short films he made. The films were a huge success. In 1915, Chaplin agreed to a one-year contract with Essanay studio. After that, large-value contracts for a dozen two-reel comedies types agreed with the studio Chaplin Mutual Films in 1916. The studio gave him the artistic freedom that was almost without limit. In a period of 18 months, Chaplin managed to complete 12 movie titles. These films will be successful comedy classic and can still entertain today. Later, recalling the joint studio Chaplin Mutual as the happiest period of his career.

After the contract with the studio Mutual discharged in 1917, Chaplin signed a production contract type 8 film reel with two studio First National. In addition to financing and distribution of films (1918-1923) which covered the First National studio, artistic freedom entirely in the hands of Chaplin. With the creative freedom in the hands, Chaplin built his own Hollywood studio. In this period created Chaplin's films are not everlasting, and can still be a role model for other filmmakers. The films produced by Chaplin with First National of comedy with the play briefly, for example: A Dog's Life (1918) and Pay Day (1922), plus a movie with the play is longer, such as: Shoulder Arms (1918), and The Pilgrim (1923).

Chaplin's films from this period with the standard of play and managed to become a classic is The Kid (1921). In 1919, Chaplin founded United Artists film distributor along with Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks, and D. W. Griffith. Four of them trying to escape from the system of monopoly held film distributor and owners of capital in
Hollywood. This effort was successful, and Chaplin's independence as a filmmaker remains assured thanks to control over the films produced in the studio's own. Chaplin continues to record the name of the board of UA until the early 1950's. Chaplin's films are distributed throughout the United Artists bermasa standard playlist, starting from A Woman of Paris (1923), followed by the film The Gold Rush (1925) which later became a classic, and The Circus (1928).

Silent films, which until now considered the greatest masterpiece, City Lights (1931) and Modern Times (1936) were made when the world of cinema Chaplin film sound familiar. In the film, Chaplin with his own music and sound effects. City Lights contains the perfect balance between comedy and sentimentality Chaplin. Last scene of City Lights film critic James Agee praised the comments in Life magazine in 1949 as: "the greatest piece of acting ever to celluloid". The work of Chaplin silent film made in Hollywood are: The Great Dictator (1940), Monsieur Verdoux (1947), and Limelight (1952).

Although other film makers have turned to silent movies, Chaplin did not survive to the bandwagon. Film sound has been known since 1927, but continued to persist with the Chaplin silent films during the decade of the 1930s. Film Modern Times (1936) is a silent film, but the dialogue play out of inanimate objects, such as radio or television set. Chaplin was deliberately make such a film to help viewers in the 1930's are no longer accustomed to seeing a silent movie. Film Modern Times as well as the first film that Chaplin out the sound (the song is mounted on the end of the film). However, this film is still considered a silent film by some spectators, and the end of the work of Chaplin's silent film era.

Chaplin is known as a versatile artist, choreography film Limelight (1952) working on its own, as well as the film soundtrack of The Circus (1928). Song called "Smile" is a creation of Chaplin's most famous among all the songs he had written. Written for the film "Modern Times", the song "Smile" with an added song to sing like Nat King Cole when released back in the 1950s. The song "This Is My Song" from Chaplin's last film, "A Countess From Hong Kong" was a hit in various languages ​​in the 1960's (especially the version of Petula Clark). Limelight film's theme titled "Eternally" was a hit in the 1950s. Music illustration done for the film Limelight Chaplin was nominated for Academy Awards in 1972. This is possible since the show premiered in Los Angeles was delayed for two decades.

Chaplin won two honorary Academy Awards. At that time there has been no audit of the voting procedure, and the first Oscar awards were distributed on May 16, 1929 the categories were very flexible. Chaplin had originally been nominated as Best Actor and Best Comedy Directing for his movie The Circus, but his name was withdrawn and the Academy decided to give a special award for "versatility and genius in acting, writing, directing and producing The Circus". Another film that received a special award that year was The Jazz Singer.

The second honorary award from the Academy received Chaplin 44 years later in 1972. Chaplin received the award for "the incalculable effect he made and makes the film as an art form of this century". Chaplin out of exile to receive this award. After Chaplin receiving an award, the audience gave standing applause for 5 full minutes, which until now was recorded as the longest standing ovation in Academy Award history.

Chaplin was also nominated as the recipient of an Academy Award for Best Actor, Best Original Screenplay, and Best Film for his work The Great Dictator, but failed. Film Monsieur Verdoux (1947) has also been nominated for Best Original Screenplay, but again failed to win the award. While still active as a filmmaker, Chaplin had expressed dissatisfaction at the Academy Awards. His son is named Charles Jr.. Chaplin tells the story of the action makes the Oscar awards it received in 1929 as a booster for the door to anger the Academy in the 1930s. This may be the reason the movie City Lights had never been nominated, but many agree the poll results this film as one of the biggest film in the history of the silver screen.

In old age, Chaplin never get an Academy Award that he got from the competition and not a privilege. In 1973, the film Limelight (1952) was awarded the Oscar for Academy Award for Original Music Illustrations (Best Music in an Original Dramatic Score). Chaplin star in this film with Claire Bloom, as well as appearing in a cameo with Buster Keaton who was the only appearance of the two greatest comedians in one film. After the film finished production, Chaplin embraced the political tendency led to the film Limelight not be played in Los Angeles. Screening in the United States has held in 1972, so this film was produced in 1952, although entitled to nomination.

The last two films Chaplin made in London: A King in New York (1957) which starred his own (as well as screenwriter and director), and A Countess from Hong Kong (1967) with stars Sophia Loren and Marlon Brando. Film A Countess from Hong Kong is the last appearance of Chaplin, appeared briefly in a cameo as a crew was seasick.

In an autobiography titled My Life in Pictures, published in 1974, Chaplin said that he had written a screenplay for starring Victoria, youngest daughter. If the scenario is he entitled The Freak so produced, Victoria will be given a role as an angel. According to Chaplin, the screenplay is completed and training has begun preproduction (This book contains Victorian pictures complete with costume), but production was stopped because Victoria married. Chaplin added, "One day, I would make." Chaplin's health continued to decline in the 1970s, and died before her mind realized. One of his last known to be the work of Chaplin is an illustration of music he had written to update the A Woman of Paris, his work is less successful in 1923.

Chaplin received the title of Knight Commander of the British Empire (KBE) by Queen Elizabeth II on March 4, 1975. Chaplin's name was first proposed as a recipient in 1931, and included in the list of candidates for the second time in 1956, but vetoed the Conservative government does not want to spoil relations with the United States at the height of the Cold War and the Suez Canal Crisis. Chaplin died at the age of 88 in his sleep on Christmas Day 1977, in Vevey, Switzerland. Chaplin was buried in the cemetery Corsier-Sur-Vevey in Corsier-sur-Vevey, Canton of Vaud, but his grave was moved near Lake Geneva after've stolen a bunch of people.

Leave a Reply