Le Corbusier Biography

Le Corbusier (real name: Charles-Edouard Jeanneret; October 6 1887-27 August 1965) was a famous Swiss architect in the design flow / International Style design along with Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Walter Gropius, and Theo van Doesburg. He also is an urban planner, painter, sculptor, writer and designer furniture.

Le Corbusier
Charles-Edouard Jeanneret, known as Le Corbusier (October 6, 1887 - August 27, 1965), is an architect and a French-Swiss-born writer, who is renowned for its contributions to modernism or international-style.

Le Corbusier is an expert in the theories of modern design and he is very dedicated in providing a better life in the city and a pretty solid place to live. Runs over five decades of his career with so many buildings have been constructed scattered throughout Europe, India, Russia, and two in America. He is also an area designer, painter, sculptor, writer, and modern designer furniture. Life and Education 1887-1913 He was born as Charles Edouard Jeanneret in La-Chaux-de-Fonds, a small town of Neuchâtel canton in north-eastern Switzerland, precisely in the Jura mountains, which is only 5km from the French border. Le Corbusier's interest in visual art, and his education at La-Chaux-de-Fonds Art School. The architecture of the time the teacher is the architect René Chapallaz, who later became his greatest influence on the design early in his career. Early in his career as an architect, Le Corbusier designed more villas, such as: Villa Fallet, Villa Schwob, and the Villa Jeanneret-villa is dedicated to his parents-in La Chaux-de-Fonds.

These villas are a popular vernacular architecture in countries throughout the Alps. In the early years of his career, he then decided to seek experience elsewhere in order to escape from the things that bind her creativity in her hometown. He decided to travel around Europe. In 1907 he arrived at Paris, where he later worked on the Auguste Perret, a concrete expert from France. Between October 1910 and March 1911, he worked in Peter Behrens near the town of Berlin, where he later met with Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and Walter Gropius. After that. He became one of the influential architects in Germany, where he experiences at that time a considerable influence on his subsequent work.

At the end of 1911, he traveled to the Balkan peninsula to visit Greece and Turkey, drawing many sketches of buildings there, including the Temple of the Parthenon, which was then inserted by him in Vers une architecture (1923). Vers une architecture, which can be interpreted as "Towards a New Architecture" Le Corbusier marupakan collection of essays. The essays are usually published in the French-language journal L'Esprit Nouveau, which in the journal are the theories of Le Corbusier that includes Theory of Modern Architecture. Career 1914-1930: The Villas During World War I, Le Corbusier taught at his old school La-Chaux-de-Fonds Art School, and did not return to Paris until the war ended.

During four years in Switzerland, he examines many theories of architecture that uses rules of modern architectural techniques. One of his works at the time was the "Domino House" (1914-1915). The design is then the basis of most of his work until 10 years later, where later he started designing his works with his nephew, Pierre Jeanneret (1896-1967) until 1940. In 1918, Le Corbusier met Amedee Ozenfant, a Cubist painter. Ozenfant support for painting, in which the later period of their partnership began. With regard sesautu Cubism as irrational but "romantic", they then publish their manifesto, Après le Cubisme and set theory is a new movement of modern architecture, Purism. Purism Purism was a form of Cubism, which is one of the aesthetic approach to architecture. Le Corbusier and Ozenfant first described the basic principles of this theory in 1918. Purism is the expression of the purity of expression that displays a deserted building ornaments, in line with the modern architecture that assesses the adage that: "Ornament is a crime", it could appear because of a desire to break away from the use of ornament ornaments with the principle that no building can seem more beautiful. It is also embraced by some other figures, namely: Czech architect and painter, Bedřich Feuerstein, Eesti Kunstnike Ruhm (Group of Estonian Artists) in Tallinn, Arnold Akberg, Mart Laarman, Henrik Olvi, and Juhan Raudsepp. Their journals, "uue Kunsti Raamat", or "Book of New Art", in 1928, greatly influenced by L'Esprit Nouveau. In addition, one of the architects trekenal adherents Purism is Richard Meier.

Corbusier is known as one of the first to recognize the influence of cars on the shape and design of human settlements. He did not like any form of decoration or ornamentation on the building, and once said that "all buildings should be white."

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