Jabir Ibn Hayyan Biography

Jabir Ibn Hayyan
Jabir Ibn Hayyan

Jabir ibn Hayyan was a chemist, pharmacy, physics, filosoft, and astronomer who lived during the 7th century. He has been able to change the perception of natural events which at the time was regarded as something that can not be predicted a science that can be understood and studied by humans. Discoveries in chemistry is also the basis for the development of modern chemistry and chemical refinement at this time.

Jabir is the scientist who discovered hydrochloric acid, nitric asm, acetic acid, distillation techniques, and crystallization techniques. He also finds a solution of aqua regia, the incorporation of hydrochloric acid and nitric acid to dissolve the gold.

Jabir able to apply their ability in the field of chemicals into the process of making iron and other metals, as well as rust prevention. He also applies the use of manganese dioxide in glass making. In fact, he was the first who noted that the warming of wine will lead to a flammable gas. It is then clear the way for Al-Razi to find ethanol.

If we know the non-metal and metal in the classification of compounds, then look at what was first done Jabir. He proposed the following three groups of compounds:

1.Spirit, which evaporates when heated, such as campor arsenic, and ammonium chloride.
2.Metal, such as gold, silver, lead, copper and iron.
3.Stones which can be converted into powder form.

In medieval times, research on the chemistry Jabir is translated into latin dab into a standard textbook for the chemists in Europe. Some of them are al-Kimya assembly line are translated in 1144 and Al-Sab'een the terjemahanya edition published in 1187.

Jabir also some writings by Marcelin Berthelot translated into several books, the Book of the kingdom, Book of the Balances, and Book of Eastern Mercury. Some technical terms are found and used by Jabir also has become part of the international scientific vocabulary, for example, the term "alkali", etc

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