Virginia Apgar Biography

Virginia Apgar

Virginia Apgar (June 7, 1909 - August 7, 1974) was a female doctor the United States. He is an expert in the field of anesthesia, teratology and founder of the field of neonatology. For the mob crowded him famous as the inventor of the method of determining the health of newborns, known as the Apgar score. The results of the present invention has reduced the number of infant deaths worldwide.


Apgar graduated from Mount Holyoye education in the College in 1929 and later from the Columbia University College of Physicians & Surgeons in 1933. Virginia completed the residency as a surgeon in 1937. However, he advised not to practice surgery by Dr. Allen Whipple. In 1938 he was educated in the field of anesthesia and returned to Columbia in 1938 as director of the department of anesthesia.
Virginia Apgar in 1949 became the first woman awarded the title of professor at Columbia University P & S. In 1953 he introduced the first test, known as the Apgar score for newborns. In the test the baby's condition was recorded 1 minute, 5 minutes and 10 minutes after birth.
Apgar was never married, and died on August 7, 1974 at Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center.

Works published

More than sixty scientific papers
The papers for the popular mass media


Honorary doctorate, Women's Medical College of Pennsylvania (1964)
Honorary Doctorate, Mount Holyoke College (1965)
Distinguished Service Award from the American Society of Anesthesiologists (1966)
Elizabeth Blackwell Award, from the American Women's Medical Association (1966)
Honorary Doctorate, New Jersey College of Medicine and Dentistry (1967)
Alumni Gold Medal for Distinguished Achievement, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons (1973)
Ralph M. Waters Award, American Society of Anesthesiologists (1973)
Woman of the Year in Science, Ladies Home Journal (1973)

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