Antony van Leeuwenhoek Biography

Antony van Leeuwenhoek

Antonie Philips van Leeuwenhoek (October 24, 1632 - 30August 1723) is a Dutch scientist from Delft. He is called the "Father of Biology", and considered the first microbiologist. He was born as the son of a basket maker. He is known for the development of microscopes and founding microbiology contribution against. He was the first to observe and describe single celled organisms.

Antony van Leeuwenhoek germ inventor was born in Delft, the Netherlands. He came from families among the middle and most of his life so municipal employees in positions that are not so important.

Leeuwenhoek's discovery that no other major result of his hobby-micingkan eyes squinting through the glass of the microscope. At that time, of course, people can not just run to the store and buy a microscope, because it membikinnya Leeuwenhoek himself. He was by no means a professional lens polisher and have not been able to special education in that field. Even so, the expertise developed very remarkable, far beyond the habits of the professionals at the time.

Despite the microscope have found people before Leeuwenhoek was born, he did not use it. Instead, carefully and precisely he rubbed a small lens. Leeuwenhoek's microscopes are able to produce a power of observation is much better than existing microscopes. One of the lenses that still have the capacity to raise about 270 times, there is even a sign that he managed to make more perfect than that.

Leeuwenhoek had extreme patience and a keen observer, had a keen vision and curiosity of the infinite. With a tiny lens that he examined the various kinds of objects, from hair to dog sperm, from the rain to a small insect. Also the fiber, the skin and various other objects. He made careful notes and made detailed sketches of each of what is observed.

Commencing in 1673 and beyond, Leeuwenhoek is always a relationship with "The Royal Society of England" a leading scientific institution in that era.

Although he had no background of higher education (only primary school and only know one language, Dutch language), he was elected a member of the scientific institute in 1680. He was also a member of the Academy of Sciences in Paris.

Leeuwenhoek married twice, had six children but no grandchildren. Good health, still hard at work in his life lately. Visited many famous figures, including the Russian Czar, Peter the Great, and the Queen of England. He died in 1723 efflux also in Delft at the age of 90 years.

Leeuwenhoek did a lot of important discoveries. He was the first to describe the spermatozoa (1677), and was one of the early outlines of red blood and white blood. He opposed the theory of spontaneous generation of simple forms of life and expose a lot of evidence against it. He was able to show, for example, that the blood-eating small animals wingless breed in a way similar to the winged insects.

The biggest discovery came in 1674 when he made his first studies of the germ. This is one of the great discoveries of semen that resulted in the enrichment of human history. In the tiny water droplets that Leeuwenhock discover a whole new world, the world entirely unexpected, full of life. Although not yet realized, the world is a very important significance to mankind. Indeed, the "tiny microscopic objects" that are observed are often a critical factor for both strength and life of human mortality. Once it has been examined, Leeuwenhoek could find germs in various different places: in the well and into the hole, in the rain, at the mouth to the anus and the human gut. He describes the various forms of bacteria, protozoa and also calculate its size.

The use of Leeuwenhoek's discovery did not start until the arrival of Pasteur nearly two centuries later. The fact is, the whole object of microbiological problems practically no activity until the 19th century when improved microscopes were developed. One might question if Leeuwenhock never been born into the world and its findings did not occur until the 19th century, probably made little difference to the advancement of science. However, there is no contention that Leeuwenhoek who discovered the bacteria, and through him the world of science to become aware of its presence.

Leeuwenhoek is often regarded as one who by good fortune happened to slip on the important scientific discoveries. This is totally far from the truth. The discovery of micro-organisms it is a normal result of a careful fabrication microscope with unparalleled quality with the existing time and patience and accuracy as a researcher. In other words, discovery is the result of a combination of skill and hard work, the opposite and had nothing to do with mere fortune.

The discovery of these bacteria is an important scientific discoveries made by the individual rare. Leeuwenhoek really working alone. The discovery of protozoa and bacteria can not help anyone-not the case in most of the advances in the field of biology - and not a natural growth from prior biological knowledge. This factor, along with the importance of the use of his invention, which allowed him to place high in the order book list

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