Biography of E. Che Guevara

Ernesto Guevara Lynch de la Serna (Rosario, Argentina, June 14, 1928 - Bolivia, October 9, 1967) is an Argentine Marxist revolutionary and Cuban guerrilla leader.
Guevara was born in Rosario, Argentina, from the family of mixed Irish, Basque and Spanish. Date of birth written on the birth certificate of June 14, 1928, but the truth is May 14, 1928.
Since the age of two Che Guevara suffered from asthma all his life suffered. Therefore, the family moved to the drier areas of Alta Gracia (Cordoba) where his health did not improve. Basic education he got at home most of her mother, Celia de la Serna.At such a young age, Che Guevara has become a voracious reader. He diligently read the literature about Karl Marx, Engels, and Sigmund Freud in his father's library. Entering high school's first (1941) at the Colegio Nacional Dean Funes (Cordoba). At this school he became the best in the field of literature and sports. In his Che Guevara moved by the Spanish Civil War refugees and by a series of severe political crisis in Argentina.This crisis culminated under the rule of fascist dictator Juan Peron left, a man who opposed Guevara. Various events are embedded in Guevara, he saw an insult in the dilakonkan pantomime of parliamentary democracy, and appears also the hatred of military politicians and the capitalists, and that especially the United States dollar is considered a symbol of capitalism.
Nevertheless he did not participate in the revolutionary student movement. He showed little interest in politics at the University of Buenos Aires (1947) where he studied medicine. At first he was only interested in deepening the disease itself, but then he was interested in leprosy.
a return to their home areas with a unanimous belief of the one thing that he did not want to become a professional middle class because of his expertise as a skin specialist. Then in the national revolution he went to La Paz, Bolivia where he was accused of being an opportunist. From there he went to Guatemala, earning his living by writing articles about the archaeological ruins of the Maya and Inca Indians. Guatemala was ruled by President Jacobo Arbenz Guzman is a socialist. Although Che has become adherent to understand Marxism and Lenin experts he refused to join the Communist Party. This resulted in losing the chance to become a government medical workers, therefore he became poor. He lived with Hilda Gadea, a Marxist Saxon descendants of Indian political education graduates. This person who introduced him to Nico Lopez, one of Fidel Castro's lieutenant. In Guatemala he saw the CIA agent working as agents of counterrevolution and more convinced that the revolution can only be armed insurrection. When the office of President Arbenz fell, Guevara moved to Mexico City (September 1954) and worked at the General Hospital, followed by Hilda Gadea and Nico Lopez.Guevara met and marveled at Raúl Castro and Fidel Castro, then political emigres, and he realized that Fidel was the leader he was seeking.
He joined the followers of Castro in farmhouses where the Cuban revolutionary guerrilla warfare trained rigorously and professionally by the Spanish Republican army captain Alberto Bayo, an author of "Ciento cincuenta preguntas a un guerilleo" (One hundred and fifty questions to a guerrilla fighter) in Havana, 1959. Bayo is not only teaching but also his personal experience of Mao Tse-tung and Che (in Italian means a roommate and close friend) became his favorite disciple and a leader in the classroom. War exercises at the farm to the local police suspicious and Che and the Cuban people were arrested but released a month later.
In June 1956 when they invaded Cuba, Che went with them, at first as a doctor but then as commander of the revolutionary army Barbutos. He is the most aggressive and smart and most successful of all the guerrilla leader and the most earnest teachings of Lenin gave to his men. He was also a ruthless disciplinarian who did not hesitate to shoot people who are careless and in the arena this time he gained a reputation for cold-blooded cruelty in the mass executions fanatical supporters of the ousted president Batista. At the time of the revolution was won, Guevara is the second person after Fidel Castro in Cuba's new government and was responsible for pushing Castro into the communist communism toward freedom is not orthodox, Moscow-style communism of some of their colleagues. Che organized and directed the "Instituto Nacional de la Reforma Agraria", which make up the contents of agrarian law confiscating the lands of the feudal lords (the landlord), founded the Department of Industry and was appointed President of the National Bank of Cuba and the communists from the government and the postal -strategic post. He acted tough against two French Marxist economist who asked for advice by Fidel Castro and Che who want to act more slowly. Che is also a fight against the Soviet advisers. He brought the Cuban economy so fast into total Communism, into crop and production diversification, that he temporarily ruined.

Wedding Che Guevara
In 1959, Guevara married March Aledia, then both visited Egypt, India, Japan, Indonesia is also present in Asia-Africa Conference, Pakistan and Yugoslavia. Back in Cuba, he was appointed as Minister of Industry, signed a trade pact (February 1960) with the Soviet Union that releases the Cuban sugar industry from dependence on the U.S. market. This is a signal failure in the Congo and to Bolivia an axiom would be a mistake that will not be inevitable. "It is not necessary to wait until the conditions for revolution exist: the instructional focus can create" 'And, with Mao Tse-tung, he believed that the countryside must bring the revolution to the town in predominately peasant countries. Also at this time he spread the communist philosophy (later published in "The Socialism and Man in Cuba", March 12, 1965). He summarizes their respective ideologies into "Man can indeed achieve the perfect level of humanity when he produces without being forced by physical needs, so he must sell himself as a commodity".

The official opposition to the communist Soviet Union appeared as the Organization for Afro-Asian Solidarity at Algiers (February 1965) accuses the Soviet Union as an accomplice of imperialism with trade not only with the communist bloc countries and providing assistance to developing countries of socialist thought of return. He also attacked the Soviet government for its policy of coexistence and for Revisionism. Three conferences Guevara continent to realize the program of revolutionary, insurrectionary, guerrilla cooperation in Africa, Asia and South America. In addition, after the forced contact with the United States, he as the representative of Cuba on the UN to attack the North American countries for their greedy and merciless imperialist activity in Latin America.

Che attitude that do not compromise on the two capitalist and communist countries to force Castro to Che (1965, not officially, but in practice. For several months a secret and his death was widely rumored. He was in various African countries, notably the Congo where he surveying the possibilities of turning the Kinshasa rebellion into a Communist revolution by Cuban guerrilla tactics. He returned to Cuba to train volunteers for this project and send a force of 120 Cubans to the Congo. His men fought in earnest, but not so with the rebels Kinshasa. they were useless against the Belgian mercenaries and by autumn 1965 Che asks Castro to withdraw Cuban aid.

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