Biography of Emperor Hirohito

Hirohito was born in Castle Aoyama, Tokyo on April 29, 1901. The first son of Emperor Yoshihito (Taisho) and Empress Sadako (Teimei), and the sister of Prince Yasuhito Chichibu (1903-1953), Prince Nobuhito Takamatsu (1905-1987) and Prince Takahito Mikasa (1915 -). Before ascending the throne he was known as Prince Michi (Michi-no-Miya). His reign as emperor is known as Showa era, which means peaceful, bright mind. But ironically, just at that time, Japan engaged in a war against the PRC and finally in World War II. In Indonesia, when the Japanese occupation (1942-1945) known as Hirohito Tenno Heika, meaning "His Majesty".

Hirohito received his early education at the Gakushuin Peer's School from April 1908 to April 1914, then getting special education for the crown prince (Togu-gogakumonsho) at Akasaka Palace from 1914 until February 1921. Getting a career as a lieutenant and a sub-lieutnant (1st class) December 9, 1912 at the Imperial Army, captain and lieutenant (October 31, 1916, mayor and deputy commander (October 31, 1920) lieutenant colonel and commander (31 October] 1923) and colonel and Navy commanders Kekasairan (Kaigun) (October 31, 1924). He was made crown prince officially on November 16, 1916. In 1922 he paid a visit to the UK and some European countries. The visit was considered a controversial right-wing group that killed Prime Minister Hamaguchi.

Hirohito has knowledge of marine biology research and some research results poured in a number of books including The Opisthobranchia of Sagami Bay and Hydrozoans Some of the Amakusa Islands.

Hirohito married Princess Nagako, eldest daughter of Prince Kuniyoshi, on January 26] 1924 and blessed with seven children, Princess Shigeko Teru (1925-1961, Princess Hisa Sichiko (1927-1928), Princess Taka Kazuko (1929-1989), Princess Yori Atsuko (1931 -), Prince Akihito (1933 -), Prince Masahito Hitachi (1935 -), Princess Suga Takako (1939 -).

He was crowned emperor on December 25, 1926 after his father Emperor Taisho died, officially inaugurated 10 November, 1928, in Kyoto.

At the time of his throne, Hirohito watched conflicts within the country and the war that began with unrest in the country due to conflict between the moderates with the right group of military-backed ulranasionalis especially the army as the greatest force at the time. As a result a number of high officials, businessmen and important figures of the country were killed and the peak incidence of the military is February 26, 1936, led by Lieutenant Colonel Saburo Aizawa and 1500 soldiers. This event also involves a prince Chichibu Yashuhito own so that Emperor Hirohito intervened and ordered the imperial troops of the Armed Forces to resolve this and ensure the loyalty of the whole imperial family. However this incident secretly "approved" by the Army leadership, especially from among the ultranationalists. Therefore, in 1930, click the ultranationalists and military control of the government leadership.

Finally, in his time Japan was recorded in the campaign war between the Manchurian Incident in 1931, the Nanking Incident in 1937, and World War II with the attack on the United States Naval Base at Pearl Harbor December 9, 1941.

After Asia War (Dai Toa Senso) is completed, many of the forces that Emperor Hirohito be tried as war criminals. There are many controversial statements about his involvement in the war both before and during World War II. Among them is David Bergammi in his book Conspiracy Imperial Japan who say that the emperor was involved in planning the war. But many others do not agree with the reason that he is only as symbols and religious leaders as the emperors of the previous period Shogun though at that time was as high command.

Minister of War Henry Stimson said the United States "is not lowering the Japanese emperor from his throne will facilitate the process of surrender and avoid wars that could harm the particular occupation forces, which we did with the German Emperor's post-World War I that the German emperor is considered public enemy, Satan (devil) , resulting in a vacuum of power and governance procedures in the region giving rise to Adolf Hitler ".

Although a lot of pressure from various world leaders to Emperor Hirohito on trial, including U.S. President Harry S Truman Presidential Trumman although ultimately agreed to maintain the position of emperor. Commander of the occupation, General Douglas McArthur also continued to put Hirohito on his throne as a symbol and expedite the rebuilding of Japan and a symbol of integrity of the Emperor with his people especially during the occupation. Position of the Emperor on his throne was based on a new constitution adopted May 3, 1947, called the Constitution of Japan 1947 or post-war constitution that establishes the emperor as a symbol or a symbol and as the royal head of state or constitutional monarchy. This constitution replaced the 1889 Constitution of Japan in the Meiji era in which the emperor as the holder of supreme command and authority.

Emperor Hirohito watched the progress of development of post-war Japan. He visited again several European countries and the United States and met President Richard Nixon in 1971.

Emperor Hirohito died on January 7, 1989 from cancer duodenum (duodenal) suffered. His state funeral attended by world leaders include U.S. President George Bush, French President Francois Mitterand, HRH the Duke of Edinburgh from England, and HM King Baudouin of Belgium, on February 24, 1989. His body was buried at Musashino Imperial Mausoleum, next to the tomb of Emperor Taisho. Position was replaced by Crown Prince Akihito.

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