Abu Nawas Biography

Abu Nawas real name was Abu Ali al-Hasan ibn Hani al-Hakami. He was born in 145 H (747 M) in the city of Ahvaz in Persia (now Iran), with the blood of Arab father and Persian mother running down its body. Abu Nawas was an Arab poet and is considered as one of the greatest poets of classical Arabic literature. Abu Nawas also appeared several times in the story of The Thousand and One Nights. His father, Hani al-Hakam, a member of the legion of army of Marwan II. While his mother was Jalban, Persian woman who worked as a wool fabric washer. Since childhood she has been orphaned. The mother then took him to Basrah, Iraq. In this city of Abu Nawas studying various sciences.

Youth full of controversial behavior that makes Abu Nawas appear as a unique figure in the literary treasures of Arab Islam. Even so, his poetry is also loaded with a value sprirtual, in addition to the taste of humanity and justice. Abu Nawas studied Arabic literature to Abu Zaid al-Ansari and Abu Ubaidah. He also studied the Koran to Ya'qub al-Hadrami. While in the Science of Hadith, he learned to Abu Walid ibn Ziyad, Muktamir bin Sulaiman, Yahya bin Said al-Qattan, and Azhar bin Sa'ad al-Samman.

His meeting with the poet from Kufa, Walibah Habab bin al-Asadi, the style has been refined and brought it to the top of Arabic literature. Walibah very interested in the Abu Nawas talent who then took him back to Ahwaz, and then to Kufa. In Kufa Abu Nawas trained talent. Ahmar told Abu Nawas dwelling in the countryside, living with the Bedouin Arabs to deepen and refine the Arabic language.

Then he moved to Baghdad. Abbasid dynasty in the center of civilization is he hanging out with the poets. Thanks to his prowess to write poetry, Abu Nawas can get acquainted with the nobility. However, due to its proximity to the nobility of his poetry here at the time change, which tend to be worshiped and licked the ruler.

In Al-fil Wasith Adabil 'Arabi wa Tarikhihi, described as the poet Abu Nawas multivisi, full of jokes, sharp-tongued, brilliant visionary, and leading literary figures of new generation. But unfortunately, these works are rarely known scientific fact in the intellectual world. He was just seen as people who like to act cute and unusual. Cleverness to write poetry attracted the attention of the Caliph Harun al-Rashid. Through a court musician, Ishaq al-Wawsuli, Abu Nawas was called to be a court poet (sya'irul bilad).

full color. His passion to play word games with a sense of humor seemed to be a legend of its own in the treasury of world civilization. Proximity to power also had him in jail. The reason is, when the Abu Nawas read a poem caravan Bani Mudar Caliph deemed offensive. Of course the Caliph's wrath, then put him in prison. Once free, he turned away from the Caliph and to serve the Prime Minister Barmak. He left Baghdad after Barmak family falls in the year 803 AD After that he went to Egypt and composing poetry for the governor of Egypt, Khasib bin Abdul Hamid al-Ajami. However, he returned to Baghdad after Harun al-Rashid died and was replaced by Al-Amin.

Since languishing in prison, Abu Nawas poems changed, to be religious. If previously he was very arrogant with the worldly life is full of glamor and rah-rah, now he is more submissive to the power of God.

Indeed, the achievement in writing poetry inspired by his love to sinners. Yet it is precisely on that dark road, Abu Nawas find the values ​​of the divine. Poems can be ditafisrkan repentance as a long way toward God. Although close to the Sultan Harun al-Rashid, Abu Nawas kegemerlapan not forever live in the world. He has been living in darkness - but that would bring its own blessing.

A friend, Abu Yusuf bin bin Hifan Dayah, testified, Abu Nawas end of life is tinged with religious activities. Some of her poems strengthen it. One of the most beautiful stanza poem is an expression of a sense of remorse will his past.

About  death years, many different versions of each other. There is no mention in 190 H/806 AD, there is also a 195H/810 M, or 196 H/811 AD While others in 198 H/813 AD and in 199 H/814 AD It is said that Abu Nawas died from being persecuted by someone who was told by family Nawbakhti - a grudge against him. He was buried in Syunizi in the heart of Baghdad.

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