Harry S. Truman (U.S. President to 33)

Harry S. Truman (born in Lamar, Missouri, May 8, 1884 - died in Kansas City, Missouri, December 26, 1972 at age 88 years) is the President of the United States to-33 (1945-1953). Previously, Truman served as deputy president of the United States. It replaces the Franklin D. Roosevelt after the president died. At the second presidential term, he was accompanied by Vice President Alben W. Barkley. Truman came from the Democratic Party. President Truman was marked by several important events, namely;

The end of World War II
Beginning the process of decolonization
Establishment of the UN
Early Cold War

Beginning of the Korean War
In the First World War Harry Truman went to France as a Captain. After returning in 1919, he planted his savings in a company store clothing, but his efforts failed. During his youth, Truman actively engaged in the Democratic Party. Harry S. Bess Wallace Truman married on June 28, 1919 and was awarded a princess. Here he and his wife went to live and prosper as a farmer for 12 years. In 1922 he was elected to the Regional Attorney even though he is not a legal expert. To close kekuranganpya, she attended night classes at the Law School for two years. In World War II, he became chairman of the Senate Committee of Inquiry on War, which investigates corruption and peculation. Estimated in his tenure he has saved the state money as much as 15 billion dollars.

In 1944, Harry Truman became vice president under President Franklin Roosevelt. When President Roosevelt died on April 12, 1945, Harry S. Truman became president. As president, Harry Truman took some of the most significant decisions in history. After Germany defeated in World War II, the United States urged Japan to surrender, but the Japanese refused. After conferring with his advisors, President Truman ordered the Japanese cities that were active in the war effort, was attacked with atomic bombs. Two of them are Hiroshima and Nagasaki. After the two cities were bombed with atomic bombs, Japan surrendered. In 1945, Harry Truman witnessed the signing of the Charter of the United Nations which was formed with the full expectation to ensure peace. Until then, President Truman Presidential politics has always followed the predecessor of President Franklin Roosevelt, but then he drafted his own political. He was delivered to Congress a program that consists of 21 chapters, the contents are;
Urged that social security be extended.
Unemployment was abolished.

Public housing was built.
Urban areas that have been damaged to be rebuilt.
The program, known as Fair Deal or Fair Measures. In 1947, when the Soviet Union launched the pressures on Turkey by the guerrillas and threatened to master Greek, President Harry Truman recommends to Congress the two countries a program that became known as the Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan with the name of foreign minister. The program encourages economic development on a large scale in Western Europe which was originally destroyed by war. Harry Truman was president twice. During his second term, which began in 1949. In foreign affairs, his contribution, among others;

Forcing the Netherlands recognized the independence of Indonesia.
Forming a Joint Security Agency NATO and as a defense against the expansion of Communist power.
Authorize the U.S. army to join the United Nations troops to fight communist aggression in South Korea.

Harry S. Truman left office in 1953 and moved to his hometown settled in Independence, Missouri, where he and his wife lived before he became president. Formerly in this place he and his wife prospered as a farmer for 12 years. There he wrote a book memories kenangannya.Truman died on December 26, 1972 at his home at the age of 88 years.

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