Hu Jintao Biography

Hu Jintao

Hu Jǐntāo (born December 21, 1942, age 69 years) is a politician who became the People's Republic of China General Secretary of the Communist Party of China on 15 November 2002. He later became President of China on March 15, 2003.


He was born on December 21, 1942 in Jiangyan, Jiangsu. Another source says, Hu Jintao was born in Shanghai and came from a family of tea merchants who are the eldest of three brothers. Other sources also mention, there is the possibility of Hu family out of Shanghai during the Japanese occupation. Hu also reported that the young grow in the District of Taizhou (Jiangsu Province) on the east coast is lush and beautiful.
Jixi claim as his own family home. Based on various studies, there is the possibility of family Hu Jintao had a relationship with the birth of another famous name Jixi Hu Shi, who is a poet and a scientist at the beginning of the 20th century and became an ambassador for Generalísimo Chiang Kai-shek in Washington, DC.

The problem is, when Hu Jintao has a relationship with Hu Shi, it will be hard to be accepted at Qinghua University in the first year of implementation of a political campaign "against the Right" (1959). Indeed, the people surnamed Hu Jixi known as a clan of well educated so that Hu Jintao could be fit with this picture.

After completing his studies in the areas of Water Conservation Engineering with an A, Hu continued to work at Qinghua University as a political assistant and was identified as a "prospective candidate" CCP at the university. Qinghua University President (Jiang Nanxiang) which has close ties with the Central Committee of CPC and the leaders in Beijing to pay attention to it. Jiang is known to recommend the Qinghua students to work at the headquarters of the CCP cadres.

During the Cultural Revolution, like most young men at that time, Hu Jintao delivered to China's poorest provinces, namely Gansu and quickly run promotions several times. Hu Jintao joined the CPC in 1964. In 1965, he graduated from university with a degree in the field of hydraulic engineers.

About the poverty he had spent in some poor areas in China. At the start Ganzu Province (northwest China) as Deputy Secretary of CPC Ganzu 1980. Chairman (Song Ping) is also a graduate of Qinghua later became one of the leading conservative CCP. Song introduced Hu to Hu Yaobang in 1982 which later was appointed Deputy Secretary of the Communist Youth League leader Hu Yaobang.
Indeed, be unusual and should be noted that Hu Jintao is able to work for the leader of the conservative group (Song Ping) and moderate (Hu Yaobang). This suggests that Hu Jintao has an open mind and be careful. In 1985, he became Secretary of the CPC Guizhou Province (Southwest China) and showed a good reputation as a leader and trying to understand the problems experienced by people in the impoverished region.

In 1988, Hu was appointed as Secretary of the CPC Tibet. This position adds to the controversy earlier in his career which is very quiet and efficient. Riots in Tibet appeared before he arrived in Lhasa. Month of March 1988 there were demonstrations are then crushed by force. Emergency legislation enacted, then a precedent is applied in Beijing in the face of pro-democracy movement in Tiananmen Square.

Since then he never allowed the compromise of any action that was about to split Tibet from China, so he is considered responsible for the death of the Panchen Lama (second highest spiritual leader in Tibet). His name is also involved in the case of Tiananmen, which killed 218 civilians and 23 soldiers and 7,000 people injured in early 1989.
In 1990, he spent his time in Beijing and was selected to manage the preparation of the implementation of the 14th CCP Congress (1992). Congress is becoming important as a regulator of the transition of power after Deng Xiaoping's leadership. In that congress, Deng Xiaoping Hu Jintao promoted from the provincial party secretary entered the room of power as "cadres across generations".

When the CCP leads the school since 1993, Hu Jintao to make changes to encourage open discussion addressed the issue of reform. The trajectory of his career shows that he is able to work effectively. More than willing to wait ten years and it seems he has accumulated power and initiative. Position as the successor Jiang Zemin became clear in 1998 when he became Vice President and Vice-Chairman of the Central Military Commission in 1999.

CCP Congress, October 16, 2002 to confirm the Chinese leader. Congress ended by selecting nine members of the CCP Politburo Standing Committee with Hu Jintao as General Secretary of China's core leadership. Various criticisms directed at him. In the book China's New Rulers, citing China's top-secret documents mentioning Hu habits loyal and obedient. Gradually, he gained respect and support of regional and political spectrum.

More complete office while serving heads of state in 2003. He replaces Jiang Zemin, who resigned as Chairman of the Communist Party (2004), Chairman of the Military Commission of the Communist Party (2004), and Chairman of the Military Commission of the People's Republic of China

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