Neil Armstrong Biography

Neil Alden Armstrong Born 5 Agustus1930, on a farm his grandfather, Auglaizy County, Ohio is the first U.S. astronaut, the first person on earth to the surface of the moon step legs, using the Apollo 11 flight, on July 20, 1969. accompanied by Edwin Aldrin. Neil step Amstronglah the legs for the first time when exiting the module plane, and were exploring the lunar surface. He is very keen to develop on the flight, or something that can be flown from the age of 13 years. He loved airplanes. When for the first time can fly a toy airplane at age 6 years, from there he was so fascinated by aviation.

In 1947, Neil Armstrong entered Purdue University. He began to learn about the science of flight techniques. But in 1949 the U.S. government to call its citizens to work actively in the country. He eventually became a pilot for the navy, and sent to Korea. in 1950, when it began the Korean War. He flew fighter jets Panther.

In 1952 he returned to Purdue University. Complete education in the field of aeronautics (aeronautical engineering), graduating in 1955. After graduating from Purdue University, he applied for a pilot research institute, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics High-Speed ​​Flight Station at Edwards Air Force Base. But there are no lowonngan desired. Proposal he sent to the Lewis Flight Propulsion Laboratory in Cleveland. Neil Armstrong began working there in February 1950.

On his first day in Erdwards, he was almost in a plane crash. At that time he flew B-29 Superfortress with the commander of the flying height of 30 000 Stan Butchart.Pada ft (9 km), the engine number 4 dead. With a desperate attempt to finally landing safely with only two machines of the living, the number 3 engine is turned off to avoid damage. August 15, 1957 flying the rocket-engine plane, Bell X-1B, berehasil through the height of 11.4 miles (18.3 km), damaging the nose landing his plane.

30 November 1960 menerbangkanpPesawat Nort American X-15, reached an altitude 48.840 ft (14.9 km), the peak speed of 1.75 times the speed of sound (1810 km / h). T33-Shooting Star aircraft is manned with Chuck Yeager an emergency landing on a dry lake (Smith Ranch Dry Lake) May 21, 1962 with F-104 aircraft, conduct inspections to

Delamar Lake, again he had to make an emergency landing because the plane's tires did not come out completely. Armstrong flew seven times with the X-15 aircraft. With the X-15-3, he reached an altitude of 207,500 ft (63.2 km), with the X-15-1 achieve 5.74 speed of sound (Mach 5.74 = 4,000 miles per hour).

After leaving the Dryden Flight Research Center at Armstrong has a record of flying hours flown 2450 + 50 type aircraft he ever flew. In 1957 he passed the selection in the program Man In Space soonest. 1960 he Tepilih as members of the space shuttle program kosultasi X-20 Dyna Soar .. March 15, 1962 elected seven pilot planned to fly the spacecraft, whose name was entered into one of them. Sept. 13, Armstrong makes recommendations to the NASA Astronaut Corp. December 23, 1968 he became commander of Apollo 11. Moon landing mission on July 20, 1969. Armstrong explore the lunar surface for 2.5 hours.

The first time her feet touched the surface of the moon, he said:
"That's one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind. (A small step for man, a big leap for mankind). "
But the words were not caught by the NII radio transmissions. Aldrin the second man who menginjakan legs after 15 minutes on the surface of the moon Neil Armstrong on the lunar surface down .. Before returning to Earth Neil Armstrong left a memento in the month of Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin.

Performed by aircraft landing Parent (command module) of a small plane space, and successfully landed well in the Pacific Ocean., Apollo11 ​​Crew picked up by the USS Hornet. After Neil Armstrong Apollo 11 mission was no longer intend to make space flight. He remained as Deputy Associate Administrator for aeronautics for the Office of Advanced Research and Technology (DARPA). He helped there only 13 months. Retreat from DARPA and NASA in August 1971. Later he taught at the Department of outer space techniques (Department of Aerospace Engineering) at the University of Cincinnati. In addition to teaching at Cincinnati he also taught at other universities, including the first almaternya, Purdue University. Armstrong reached the title Professor of Aerospace Engineering (Professor of aerospace engineering.) At the University of Cincinnati. After 9 years of teaching, he retired in 1979 to teach. Another field is the last position of the board chairman of Computing Technologies for Aviation, a company develops software for flight That scheduling, which is held from 1982 to 1992.

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