Aníbal António Cavaco Silva, born in Boliqueime, Loulé, Algarve region on July 15, 1939) is President of the Republic of Portugal by Portugal the presidential elections on January 22, 2006. Cavaco Silva began a period of office on March 9, 2006.
Previously, he was the Prime Minister of Portugal in the period of 6 November 1985-28 October 1995. After ten years in a dark situation in the side of democracy, Portugal carry out the selection of the prime minister and prime minister of Portugal's first get majority support in parliament.
In the parliamentary elections in 1985, he gained the support of the PRD: Party for Democratic Renewal (Portugal) Renewal António Ramalho Eanes President. Of the 250 members of Parliament of the Republic (Assembly of the Republic), the PRD won 45 seats. This Presitasi helped lift its image in the party. With 30 percent of the vote and 88 seats, the PSD is not traditionally considered as a strong party is able to achieve a number of 88 seats in parliament after elections 13 times. Cavaco Silva was then appointed as Prime Minister on 6 November 1985.
His early years as prime minister, Portugal experienced good economic growth. Financial support from the European Union (EU) helped lift the reputation of his political career. Parliamentary control board was not as a problem inhibiting actually increase the performance of his government. In legislative elections in 1987, the Social Democratic party won a majority in parliament. In the 1991 elections, his party won again. However, unemployment remains high and the possibility of corruption in his government to erode his popularity.
He ran for president in 1996, but was defeated Jorge Sampaio of the Socialist Party. Out of politics, Caraco Silva became advisor to the Board of Management boards of Bank of Portugal until 2004. He then became a professor at the School of Economics and Management (Catholic University of Portugal) for the MBA program. He got the support of Pedro Santana Lopes in the 2005 legislative elections.
On October 20, 2005, he announced his candidacy for president in 2006 elections.
He was elected as president on January 22, 2006 with 50.6 percent in the last two elections and was sworn in on March 9, 2006. Cavaco Silvia center-right wing is not the first president from the left since the 1974 military coup that overthrew the government who has 50 years of dictatorial rule. During his campaign, Silva promised to press Prime Minister Jose Socrates of socialist promised to continue reforms to improve economic competitiveness Portugal.