Modern life is not separated from the discoveries Muslim scientists. Project 1001 again reminded the Muslim heritage of 1000 years of history are forgotten. "There's a hole in human knowledge, a direct jump from the Renaissance to the Greeks," said Chairman of the Foundation for Science, Technology and Civilization Professor Salim Al-Hassani 1001 discovery of a leader. The discovery of 1001 is currently being exhibition at the Science Museum London. Hassani hope the exhibition will reaffirm the contribution of non-western civilization, such as the Muslim empire that once had covered the Spanish and Portuguese, lies an area of southern Italy and mainland China. This is a remarkable discovery Muslims:
1. Surgery Around 1000, a doctor Al Zahrawi published 1500 pages illustrated encyclopedia of surgery that is used in Europe as a medical reference for over 500 years old. Among the many inventors, Zahrawi who uses a solution of cat gut stitches, before tackling a second operation to remove stitches in the wound. He also is reported to perform a cesarean section and create a pair of surgical clips.
2. Abbas ibn Firnas flying machine was the first to try to make the construction of an airplane and fly it. In the 9th century he designed a device and in particular wing shape like a bird costume. In a famous experiment in Cordoba Spain, Firnas flying high for some time before then falling to the ground and broke his spine. The design is made unexpectedly became the inspiration for Italian artist Leonardo da Vinci hundreds of years later.
3. University In 859 a young princess named Fatima al-Firhi establish a first level university in Fez, Morocco. His sister Miriam founded the beautiful mosque to mosque together and al-Qarawiyyin university and continue to operate for 1,200 years later. Hassani said he hoped people would remember that learning is the main core of Islamic tradition and the story of al-Firhi Muslim brothers to inspire women everywhere in the world.
4. Algebra word algebra comes from the title of the book of famous Persian mathematician of the 9th century 'Kitab al-Jabr Wal-Mugabala', which translates into 'The Book of Reasoning and Balancing ". Building a system of Greek and Hindu roots, algebra is a unifying system for rational numbers, irrational numbers and wave magnitude. Other mathematician Al-Khwarizmi also the first to introduce the concept of numbers into numbers that can be a strength.
5. Optics "Many important advances in optical studies came from the Moorish world," said Hassani. Between the year 1000 Ibn al-Haitham proved that humans see objects from the reflection of light and into the eye, ignoring the theory of Euclid and Ptolemy that the light generated from within the eye itself. Other great Muslim physicist also discovered the phenomenon in which a camera measurement is described how the eye image can be seen by the connection between the optical and the brain.
6. Music Musician Muslims have a significant impact in Europe. Among the many instruments that come into Europe through the Middle East are the lute and Rahab, the ancestor of the violin. The scale of modern music notation is also said to be derived from the Arabic alphabet.
7. According Toothbrush Hassani, popularized the use of the Prophet Muhammad first toothbrush in the year 600. Using Miswak tree branch, to clean teeth and freshen breath. Substance content in the Miswak is also used in modern toothpaste.
8. Many crank basis of modern automated systems first came from the Muslim world, including the player that connects the system. By converting circular motion with a straight motion, lift heavy objects memungkinankan player is relatively easy. The technology was invented by Al-Jazari in the 12th century, later used in bicycle usage until now.
9. Currently citizens of the world's coffee drinking is a typical dish, however, coffee was first made in Yemen at about the 9th century. At first the coffee helps the Sufis maintain late night service. Then taken to Cairo by a group of coffee later pelajat liked by the whole kingdom. In the 13th-century coffee crossed into Turkey, but only in the 16th century when the beans begin to boil in Europe, coffee was brought to Italy by Venetian merchants.