Jimmy Carter (President of the United States to 39)

James Earl Carter, Jr.. or known Jimmy Carter was president of the United States was born 39th October 1, 1924, in the small farming town of Plains, Georgia. He grew up in communities and small rural communities near the Archery. His father, James Earl Carter, Sr., was a farmer and businessman; his mother, Lillian Gordy Carter, a nurse. When Jimmy Carter school adolescents in Georgia public schools, then go to Southwestern College and Georgia Institute of Technology, and received a bachelor's degree from the United States Naval Academy in 1946. In 1946 Jimmy Carter married Rosalynn, also from Georgia and have four children, three of men and one woman.

A year after World War II ended Jimmy Carter graduated from the Academy and an active military service in the submarine fleet. In 1952 Jimmy Carter served on a nuclear submarine program under the leadership of Admiral Hyman Rickover. During the following year he engaged in advanced studies on matters such as nuclear physics and nuclear programs. At that time the Navy has mencalonkannya as officers the machine to be placed on the American nuclear submarine is the second. But in 1953 there was a family tragedy and the death of his father. Jimmy Carter returned to Georgia to take care of his family enterprise bean. In 1962 he appeared again in the midst of society. It was her brother Billy to take over management of family firms. He won the position as a state senator in the Georgia legislature. After occupying two terms in the state senate, he decided to join fight over the position of governor of Georgia, but failed to obtain the nomination of his party. Over the next four years he expanded relations across the state and foster understanding of the intricacies of state politics. In 1970 he won the election of the governor of Georgia.

As governor of Georgia, Jimmy Carter gained a reputation as a leader of the younger generation of leaders in the area of ​​the new South. In his inaugural address as governor, he affirmed its commitment to social justice, especially for those blacks who are poor in his state. During his tenure as governor, he expanded his view of the world. It performs two important trips abroad, led the state trade mission to Latin America and Eropa.Ia also started its involvement in national politics. In 1972 he was instrumental in the National Conference of Governor in and delivered a speech of support for the nomination of Senator Henry Jackson in the Democratic National Convention that same year. In 1974 after his term as governor ended, the United States Jimmy Carter traveled to the Democratic Party as the party's Campaign Committee Chairman. He helped initiate efforts to strengthen themselves and the party entered into the reorganization, after two successive defeats of Republicans in seizing the presidency in the White House. In 1976 on the basis of contacts held nationally, Jimmy Carter build a solid political foundation for winning the Democratic nomination as President. In 1976, Carter was nominated as the Democratic dark horse candidate to succeed President Gerald Ford through the United States presidential election in the presidential election 1976.Dalam he defeated President Gerald Ford by a margin of little voices.

Jimmy Carter has been involved in diplomatic efforts including helping to forge a deal with North Korea. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2002. One controversial event during his presidency are American citizens hostage for approximately 450 days in the United States Embassy in Tehran, Iran and end the dispute between Egypt and Israel. Jimmy Carter served as president from January 20, 1977 until January 20, 1981. Significant foreign policy accomplishments of government including the Panama Canal Treaty, the Camp David Accords, a peace treaty between Egypt and Israel, the SALT II Treaty, the agreement with the Soviet Union, and the establishment of U.S. diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China. He's fighting for human rights throughout the world. On the domestic side, the achievements of government has included a comprehensive energy program conducted by the Department of Energy; deregulation in energy, transportation, communications, and finance; major educational programs under the Department of Education; and laws of the major environmental protection, including the National Conservation Act .

Jimmy Carter left the presidency on January 20, 1981 after the defeat of Ronald Reagan. He then returned to Georgia. He became an important figure in the Habitat for Humanity. He then set up a center chartered institutions.

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