Martin Cooper - Inventor of the First Mobile

Martin Cooper

Martin Cooper is the inventor of the mobile phone itself does not envision that mobile phones can be as small as this now so it can be taken anywhere in accordance with the needs and demands in today's wireless age. Martin Marty Cooper (born December 26, 1928 in Chicago, Illinois, USA) which is the leader of a team of Motorola engineers who developed the mobile handheld devices are different from car phones (Car Phone). Cooper is the CEO and founder of ArrayComm, a company working in Smart Antenna technology research and develop a wireless network, and is a director of Motorola Research and Development.

The Early

Martin Cooper grew up in Chicago when the world recession. His parents were Ukrainian immigrants. He received a bachelor's degree in Electrical Engineering in 1950.


Martin Cooper joined the Reserve Officers Training Corps United States Navy. He served in the U.S. Navy destroyer during the Korean War and later in a submarine based in Hawaii.

After the war, Cooper left the Navy and began working on the Teletype, a subsidiary of Western Electric. In 1954, he moved to Motorola. While working there he continued his studies at night. In 1957, he received a Masters degree in electrical engineering from Illinois Institute of Technology.

In 1960 he was instrumental in changing the sheets that were previously limited to the information technology used in a single building that could become more widespread inter-city link. Cooper helped fix the defects in the crystal Motorola made for radio. This prompted the company to mass produce the first quartz crystal to be used in quartz watches.

In 1960, John F. Mitchell became chief project engineer for Motorola portable communications. In the early 1970's, Mitchell gave the responsibility of the division of Cooper in a car phone (Carphone). Mitchell and Cooper envisioned a communications product that not only stuck in the car. So that the tool must be small and light enough to be portable devices. It took 90 days in 1972 to create the first prototype of the idea.

Cooper and the engineers who worked for him, and Mitchell patented invention "Radio Telephone System", filed on October 17, 1973 with patent number 3,906,166 in September 1975 and approved on their behalf. Cooper considered the inventor of the first handheld cellular phone (mobile) and the first The first prototype of mobile phones to make calls to cellular phones are on 3 April 1973. the historic event was witnessed in public in front of journalists and passers-by on the streets of New York. first call is addressed to Dr. Joel S. Engel, head of research at Bell Labs.

The first sentence is pronounced "Joel, I'm calling you from a 'real' cellular telephone. A portable handheld telephone."

The first call as early marker of the beginning of a fundamental shift in technology and communications market in the direction of the portable telephone communication in which one can directly communicate directly with other people, no longer as of yore in which the destination is a place as a phone
home. This is the work of the results of his vision for personal wireless mobile communication that sets it apart from the car phone (car phones). Cooper later revealed that he got the idea to develop the phones after watching Captain Kirk using a communicator device on Star Trek television series.

Although dubbed as the 'Father of Cellular Telephone (Cell Phone)', with humility Martin Cooper says "Even though I'm part of the invention, but the work is the work of teams and hundreds of literary people who create a vision of how mobile as today, which of course not perfect. We are still working and trying to make it better ".

Product Commercialization

The first Motorola DynaTAC handset, has a weight of 1 kg (2.2 pounds) and 35 minutes of talk time. In 1983, after four iterations, Cooper team has reduced the weight of the handset in half. Product price is approximately $ 4,000 (or equal in value to $ 8,600 in 2009). Cooper Leaving Motorola before they start selling mobile phones to consumers.

Cellular Business Systems

Martin Cooper started a company with partners who provide the service provider's billing system. In 1986, they sold the Cincinnati Bell for $ 23m.


In 1992, Martin Cooper joined Richard Roy, a researcher at Stanford University, to form ArrayComm. The company began to specialize in the creation of a more efficient mobile communications. While leading this company, Cooper created the Cooper Law (Cooper's Law). This law states that every 30 months the amount of information transmitted over a certain amount over the radio spectrum has doubled. He stated that this law has been in force since 1897, when Marconi patents the wireless telegraph was the first time.

Awards and Affiliations

In 1995, Martin Cooper received the Wharton Infosys Business Transformation Award for innovation in communications technology. Cooper is also a member of Mensa International. In 2000 Martin Cooper include Top Ten Entrepreneurs in Red Herring magazine. In 2009, he along with Raymond Tomlinson was awarded the Prince of Asturias, an award for scientific research and technical studies.

"Wireless is freedom. It's about being unleashed from the telephone cord and having the ability to be virtually anywhere when you want to be. That freedom is what cellular is all about. It pleases me no end to have had some small impact on people's lives Because these phones do the make people's lives better. They promotes productivity, They Make people more comfortable, They Make them feel safe and all of Those Things. In the sense I had a small contribution there makes me feel very good "(Martin Marty Cooper)

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