Vladimir Lenin Biography

Vladimir Lenin Vladimir Ilyich Lenin or a pseudonym of Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (Russian: Владимир Ильич Ульянов, Vladimir Il'ich Ul'yanov), was born in Simbirsk, Russian Empire, 22 April 1870 - died in Gorki, Russia RSFS, Soviet Union , January 21, 1924 at the age of 53 years, known as the Russian Communist revolutionary, leader of the Bolshevik party, the first prime minister of the Soviet Union, Soviet Union's first head of state is a de facto, and initiator of Leninism.
Lenin's name is actually a pseudonym and is taken from the name of the Lena River in Siberia.


Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov was born as the son of Ilya Nikolaevich Ulyanov (1831 - 1924), a Russian civil servant who strive to enhance democracy and free education for all people in Russia. Maria Alexandrovna Blank he beristerikan (1835-1916). Like most Russians, Lenin came from different ethnic groups. He had Kalmyk blood inherited from his parents. And from his mother he inherited German blood Wolga. Besides his mother's father was Jewish (?). Vladimir Ulyanov (Lenin) himself was baptized in the Russian Orthodox church.

At school, the famous Lenin proficient in Latin and Greek. In May 1887 his brother Alexander Ulyanov was hanged for participating in planning the murder of Tsar Alexander III. This makes Vladimir became a radical and he was expelled from Kazan University for participating in student demonstrations. But he taught himself, and in 1891 could get permission to become a lawyer.

Development to become a Revolutionary

In the meantime, while working as a lawyer in Saint Petersburg, he began to recognize the works of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. Since the work of Marxism is banned in Russia, Lenin was arrested and jailed for a year. Then he was exiled to Siberia. While in the prison was Lenin showed his talent by beating other inmates in terms of playing chess.
In July 1898, still in Siberia, Lenin married a woman named Nadezhda Krupskaya socialist. In 1899, he wrote a book about the development of capitalism in Russia. In 1900, he was allowed home from Siberia. Then he traveled around Europe and visited the Marxist conferences.
In 1903 Lenin was arguing with the officials and the Social-Democratic Party of Russia on the structure of the Labour party. Julius Martov, a board, want a rather loose structure and autonomous while Lenin wanted a centralized structure. Then the party broke into two. People Lenin called Bolsheviks and that means the majority of people called the Mensheviks Martov meaningful minority.

The Russian Revolution

In February 1917, in connection with the defeat of Russia in World War I, the Tsar Nicholas II was forced to abdicate the throne. And formed a cabinet led by Alexander Kerensky. On 16 April 1917, Lenin returned to Petrograd, the name of Saint Petersburg who has di'Rusia' out.
Then in July, Lenin attempted to organize a revolt of the workers. But this revolt failed, and Lenin fled to Finland. In October 1917 he returned again and tried to hold the October Revolution. At this time he succeeded, on 7 November 1917 according to the Gregorian calendar or a chronicle of October 25, according to the Julian era, revolution and Kerensky had managed to escape.

On August 30, 1918, Lenin was shot by Fanya Kaplan, a revolutionary woman as well, as much as three times. Kaplan considers Lenin had betrayed the Russian Revolution. Lenin survived but his health began to decline and never recovered. Finally, he died on January 21, 1924 after a stroke four times.

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