William Bowman-The surgeon of English

Sir William Bowman

British Surgeon William Bowman
Sir William Bowman, First Baronet (July 20, 1816 - March 29, 1892) was a surgeon, an expert histology, and British anatomists. He is famous for his research on the many uses of the microscope in mempelejari human organs. Born in Nantwich, Cheshire, the third son of a banker and amateur geologist and botanist, Bowman was educated at Hazelwood School near Birmingham in 1826. An accident in his childhood made ​​him interested in medicine. He has served an internship with a surgeon Joseph Hodgson at Birmingham General Hospital in 1832. His first work of a well-known is the research on the structure of skeletal muscle.

At the age of 25 years, he has been identified on the nephron structure known as the Reference Biography: Bowman's capsule. He presented his findings in a paper entitled "On the Structure and Use of the Malpighian Bodies of the Kidney" ("Structure and Function in Kidney Malpighian Agency") and managed to get a royal medal. Collaboration with Robert Bentley Todd, a professor of physiology, resulting in a five-volume publication "Physiological Anatomy and Physiology of Man" (1843-1856) ("Anatomy and Physiology Human physiology") and "Cyclopaedia of Anatomy and Physiology" (1852) ("Encyclopedia of Anatomy and Physiology").

In 1884, Queen Victoria appointed him a baronet. He died at his home, Joldwynds, near Dorking, Surrey in 1892. Several anatomical structures named after him: * Bowman glands - on the olfactory mucosa * Bowman's membrane - the membrane limitans anterior cornea. - Bowman's membrane or the anterior elastic lamina is a smooth layer of the eye. Located between the epithelium and stroma in the cornea. This layer is composed of strong collagen fibers and helps the cornea maintain its shape. Bowman's layer is absent in cats, dogs and other carnivores.

Leave a Reply