Ibnu Sina Biography

Syeikhur Rais, Abu Ali bin Hussein bin Abdillah Hasan ibn Ali ibn Sina, known as Ibn Sina or Aviciena born in the year 370 AH in a village called Khormeisan near Bukhara. Since childhood, Ibn Sina who come from families bermadzhab Ismailis are already familiar with scholarly discussions mainly delivered by his father. A very high intelligence makes it stand out so that one of his teachers advised him to Ibnu Sina did not plunge into any work other than to learn and gain knowledge.

Thus, Ibnu Sina gives full attention to scholarly activity. He quickly mastered his genius makes a lot of science, and though still young, he was already proficient in the field of medicine. He also became famous, so that the King of Bukhara Nuh ibnu Mansur, who ruled between the years 366 to 387 AH when Ibnu Sina calling sick to care for and treat it.

Thanks to it, Ibn Sina can freely enter the palace library Samani great. Ibn Sina about the library that says so;

"All the books I wanted were there. In fact I found many books that most people never even knew his name. I myself have never seen and will never see it again. So I diligently read the books and use them as much as possible ... When the age of 18 years, I have successfully completed all the fields of science. "Ibn Sina master various sciences such as wisdom, mantiq, and mathematics with various branches.

Preoccupations in the political arena in the palace Mansur Samani dynasty king, also his position as minister in the government of Abu Tahir Syamsud Deilami Daula and political conflicts that occur due to a power struggle between the aristocratic group, does not reduce the scientific activity of Ibn Sina. Even the long safari into different parts and detention for several months in jail Tajul Muk, the ruler of Hamedan, did not deter him to give birth to hundreds of volumes of scientific papers and treatises.

When he was in the palace and live quiet and can easily obtain the desired book, Ibn Sina busied himself with writing the book Qanun in medical science or philosophy encyclopedia dibeni write the name of the book Al-Shifa '. But when he had to travel writing little books called a treatise. While in prison, Ibn Sina busied himself with composing verses of poetry, or write method of contemplation with a beautiful religion.

Among the books and treatises written by Ibn Sina, the book of al-Shifa 'in philosophy and Al-Qanun in medical science known throughout the mass. Al-Shifa 'written in 18 volumes which discusses the philosophy of science, mantiq, mathematics, natural sciences and ilahiyyat. Mantiq al-Shifa 'is now recognized as the most authentic book in the science of Islamic mantiq, while the natural sciences and ilahiyyat discussion of the book al-Shifa' until now also still a matter of study.

In medical science, the book Al-Qanun Ibn Sina's writings for several centuries became the main reference books and the most authentic. This book was peeled-methods
general medicine, drugs and various diseases. Along with the rise of the methods translation movement in the 12th century BC, the book Al-Qanun of Ibnu Sina was translated into Latin. Now the book has also been translated into English, French and German. Al-Qanun book is a collection of ancient methods of treatment and treatment methods of Islam. The book is never a medical education curriculum in European universities.

Ibnu also has a major role in developing various scientific fields. He translated the works of Aqlides and run the observatory for astronomy. In the energy problem Ibnu Sina gives the results of his research will issue a vacuum, light and heat to the scientific heritage of the world.

It is said that Ibnu Sina has writings in Latin, entitled De Conglutineation Lagibum. In one chapter of this paper, Ibnu Sina discusses the origin of the name of the mountains. This discussion is really interesting. There Ibn Sina says, "The possibility of the mountain created by two causes. First ballooning outer skin of the earth and this happens because severe earthquake shocks. Both because of the water to find a way to flow. The process resulted in the valleys together and gave birth to bubbles on the surface of the earth. Because most of the earth's surface hard and partly soft. The wind also played by blowing some and leave some in place. This is the cause of the bumps on the outer skin of the earth. "

Ibnu Sina with the power of logic, so in many ways following the mathematical theory even in medicine and the treatment process, also known as a philosopher is unmatched. According to him, someone new is recognized as a scientist, if he mastered philosophy perfectly. Ibnu Sina is very meticulous in studying the views of Aristotle in philosophy. When told of his experiences studying Aristotle, Ibnu Sina claimed that he read the works of Aristotle's Metaphysics as much as 40 times. He mastered the intention of the book perfectly after reading Sharh or explanation 'metaphysics of Aristotle', written by Al-Farabi, the Muslim philosopher before.

In philosophy, the life of Abu Ali Ibnu Sina experienced two significant periods. The first period is the period when he followed the schools of philosophy paripatetik. In this period, Ibnu Sina is known as a translator Aristotle. The second period is the period when Ibnu Sina paripatetik withdraw from the schools and as he said himself inclined to the idea of ​​illumination.

Thanks to the study and the study of philosophy that made the earlier philosophers such as al-Kindi and Farabi, Ibnu Sina managed to formulate a coordinated system of Islamic philosophy neatly. The great work of Ibnu Sina was conducted to answer the philosophical issues previously missed.

The influence of Ibnu Sina's philosophical thinking such thoughts and works of his study in the medical field is not only focused on the Islamic world but also penetrated Europe. Albertos Magnus, a German scientist of the flow of Dominique who lived between 1200-1280 AD was the first European to write a full description of the philosophy of Aristotle. He is known as a major pioneer of the Christian Aristotle. He was the one who wed the Christian world with the thought of Aristotle. He knows the views and the great Greek philosophers thought that from the books of Ibnu Sina. Metaphysics of Ibnu Sina's philosophy is a summary of the philosophical themes of truth recognized two centuries later by Western thinkers.

Ibnu Sina died in 428 AH at the age of 58 years. He went after contributing much to the scientific treasures of mankind and his name will always be remembered throughout history. Ibnu Sina is an example of the great civilizations of Iran in his day.

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