Biography of Julius Robert Oppenheimer, The inventor and father of the Atomic Bomb

Julius Robert Oppenheimer

Julius Robert Oppenheim was born on 22 April 1904 in New York City, Julius Robert Oppenheimer was born and raised in New York City. When studying, she was very fond of learning languages, mathematics and science. Among his school friends, Oppenheimer's most assiduously studied, particularly in the areas of language. He did not just learn it, but also strive to fluently speak and read his writings. This habit led to brilliant results. In 1925 or after graduating from Harvard University.

Oppenheimer seamlessly continued his studies at Cambridge University in England, and then move on to Gottingen, Germany to pursue a PhD. While at Gottingen who was then the center of the development of quantum mechanics, Oppenheimer received guidance from Max Born to a PhD (1927). After graduation he returned home, two years later a row Oppenheimer founded a school of theoretical physics at the California Institute of Technology and the University of Berkeley.

In the 1930's to the early involvement of Oppenheimer in the world of atomic and nuclear physics. Oppenheimer donated a lot of thoughts in atomic and nuclear physics, including the first thoughts about neutron stars and black holes that have been neglected astronomers in the long term. Oppenheimer is clearly contributing his thoughts because he opposed the rise to power of fascism in that era. Moreover, in 1939, Americans know that Germany managed to split the atom and develop it into an exceptional weapon. So, to match the power of the Germans, in 1941 President Roosevelt established the Manhattan Project and appointed Julius Robert Oppenheimer as director.

In performing its duties, following Oppenheimer develop atomic weapons at Los Alamos research headquarters, New Mexico. Other studies also took place at Columbia University, University of Chicago, and Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Time of the study, invited Oppenheimer's top physicists. They were invited to work together to make an atomic bomb. Of the many physicists who were present, 3,000 people were eventually selected to be a team headed by Oppenheimer.

Dated July 16, 1945 or after three years of hard work to do

research, Oppenheimer witnessed the test the first atomic bomb explosion in the desert of New Mexico. Many people judge, the explosion would change world history forever. Evidently, a month after the hose test explosion, burned two atomic bombs Hiroshima and Nagasaki, killing hundreds of thousands of people. This makes the Japanese to surrender and retreat from World War II on August 10, 1945. Despite harsh criticism for having killed hundreds of thousands of lives, the findings of the atomic bomb Oppenheimer still has a positive impact, because it can put an end to World War II that has lasted a long time.

After the Atomic Bomb Drop In, Oppenheimer regretted his job and called for atomic energy for peaceful use. He then questioned kesetiaanya and credibility and brought to a hearing to top U.S. officials and resulted in advisory positions to government in the security field is removed. Many scientists who are not satisfied on the actions that occur during the national hysteria that led Senator Joseph Raymond McCarthy (but was later discredited).

When the war ended, Oppenheimer remained active in this field. He was elected as chairman of the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission. Oppenheimer unfortunately not smooth, it relates to his strength against the development of hydrogen bombs more powerful than the atomic bomb. Oppenheimer is considered treason, he was in court in 1953. Although not proven guilty, the security protection and contract as adviser to the Atomic Energy Commission remains revoked. No broken charcoal, Oppenheimer remained a career and vibrant.

He continued his career as an educator on "the academic post of director of the Institute of Advanced Study at Princeton University". Peak in 1963, President Lyndon B. Johnson handed the award "Enrico Fermi Award" from the Atomic Energy Commission. Three years after receiving the award, Julius Robert Oppenheimer had to retire due to throat cancer. 1967 he died at the age of 63 years. Through the atomic bomb, Robert Oppenheimer Julius changed the world forever.

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