Menes History


Menes, the King of the embryo of the dynasty of Egypt, was the first ruler to unify all of Egypt, and so he set up a kingdom which plays a role so long and so resplendent in the history of human culture.

Date of birth and death of Menes is unknown, although considered to be approximately about 3100 years BC. Prior to that time, Egypt is not a single country but rather consists of two separate kingdoms, and stand alone. One in the north in the Nile delta and the other in the south, in the Nile valley. (Because the Nile flows into the sea in the mouth of an ancient Egyptian map of the Nile look down the page. For this reason, the Egyptians called the delta in the north as "Lower Egypt" while the southern kingdom of "Upper Egypt"). In general, Lower Egypt seems to be more advanced than its southern neighbor. But the King was Menes, the ruler of Upper Egypt conquered the northern kingdom and unite the whole country.

Menes (also known as Narmer) come from Thinis, a town in southern Egypt. After he mastered the northern kingdom dubbed himself "King of the north and south of Egypt," which is maintained by the title Pharao (pharaohs) next for thousands of years. Near the old border between the two kingdoms, Menes founded a new city - Memphis - is because it is so strategic, the capital of a united Egypt. Memphis, which reruntuhannnya found near the city of Cairo now, for centuries a leading city in Egypt, and for a period long enough to be its capital.

Little additional information about Menes has been saved. He was credited with holding the reins of empire for a long time - sixty-two years - according to ancient sources, though it is likely overstated.

In addition to our limited knowledge about the events that happened so long ago, the work of Menes seem to have enormous significance. Before the dynasty (ie before Menes), the Egyptian culture is less developed than the Sumerian culture that is now located in Iraq. However, the political unification of Egypt seems to radiate the latent power of the Egyptian population. Indeed, right, accompanied by the unification of the rapid progress both in the field of cultural and social. Government and social institutions developed during the early dynastic period, which lasted with little change, 2,000 years. Hieroglyp writing is growing rapidly, as well as buildings and other technical intelligence. In recent centuries, Egyptian culture has been matched - even exceeded in some sectors - the Sumerian culture. Indeed, most of the 2,000 years after Menes, Egypt, measured from the wealth and culture, is the most advanced country in the world, at least number two. This is evidence of a long-lasting progress is a bit of culture can match it. A great son of great culture.

It's hard to put in which Menes position in the list order this book, since we have no direct information data Menes how important personal role in the conquest of the kingdom of the north and the unification of Egypt. With all the lack of information, we can only guess how large a role available to him, but it seems a safe conjecture that it is a very important role. In general, the pharaohs of Egypt is not a prominent figure, but the rulers who have great power. Moreover, history tells us that empires can not perform an important conquest without the incompetent leadership of a king; so they were not able to maintain areas that have been conquered without the capable leadership of a king. Because it is very great is the possibility that personally Menes is an important factor in the great events of his time. Without prejudice to our knowledge about the pettiness of Menes, it seems that Menes was one of the influential figures in history

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