Nicolaus Copernicus - Astronomer From Poland

Nicolaus Copernicus - Astronomer From Poland

Astronomers (astrologers) Polish named Nicolaus Copernicus , was born in 1473 in the town of Torun on the Vistula river, Poland. He comes from a family resides. As a young child, Copernicus studied at the University of Cracow, as the students who took great interest in astronomy happenings. In the twenties he left on a visit to Italy, studying medicine and law at the University of Bologna and Padua and then to a Doctorate in ecclesiastical law from the University of Ferrara. Copernicus spent most of his time when grown as a staff employee at Frauenburg Cathedral (Polish term: Frombork), as the actual ecclesiastical jurists Copernicus was never a professional astronomer, who made his name the amount of work is simply soar thanks to the sideline.

During his time in Italy, Copernicus was acquainted with the ideas of the Greek philosopher Aristarchus of Samos (the 13th century BC). These philosophers argue that the Earth and other planets revolve around the sun. Copernicus was so convinced of the truth of the hypothesis "heliocentris" is, and when she turned forty years old he began to distribute the fruit of his writings among his friends in the form of concise writing, to put forward their own ideas about the forerunner to the matter. Copernicus takes years of observation, careful calculations are required for the preparation of the book De revolutionibus orbium coelestium magnitude (On Revolution circle sky objects), which describes in detail and put forward his theory of proof-proof.

In the year 1533, when he sixty years, Copernicus sending his lecture notes files to Rome. There he put forward the fundamental principles of his theory without resulting in disapproval of the Pope. When approaching a new age was the seventies, Copernicus decided to publication of his book, and just in time to death he sent his first printed book from the publisher. This is dated May 24, 1543.

In the book of Copernicus with the right to say that the earth rotates on its axis, that the moon revolves around the sun and the earth, and all the other planets revolve around the sun. But, like his predecessors, he made a calculation about the scale of the random distribution of planets around the sun. Also, he made a big mistake because he was convinced that the orbit contains the circles. So, not only of this theory is mathematically complicated, but it is also not true. Even so, the book quickly received great attention. Other astronomers were intrigued, especially nationals Denmark astronomer, Tycho Brahe, who conduct more thorough and precise observations of planetary movements. From these data to make these observations, Johannes Kepler was finally able to formulate laws of planetary motion to the right.

Though Aristarchus of more than seventeen centuries before Copernicus had put forward a hypothesis concerning matters circulation of celestial objects, is considered worthy Copernicuslah people who earn big rewards. Because, no matter how Aristarchus had put forward the various issues that contain inspiration, but he never formulated a theory which is quite detailed, so have the benefits of scientific spectacles.

When Copernicus worked on mathematical calculation of the hypotheses in detail, he managed to turn it into a scientific theory that has meaning and order. Can be used for the allegations, may be proved by astronomical observations, it can be useful in other appeals that earlier theories that are so central dunialah space.

Clearly therefore, the theory of Copernicus had revolutionized our concept of space and was revolutionized at the same time our philosophical outlook. However, in terms of assessment of the significance of Copernicus, it must be remembered that astronomy does not have much range in practical use everyday as well as chemical and biological physics. Therefore, virtually anyone can make television equipment, cars, or modern chemical plant without necessarily using the theory of Copernicus was secuwil. (Instead, people are not going to make those things without using the ideas of Faraday, Maxwell, Lavosier or Newton).

But, if we merely direct attention solely to the direct influence of Copernicus in the technology, we will miss the real significance of Copernicus. Copernicus' book had a meaning that does not seem to allow both Galileo and Kepler completed his scientific work. All of them are the predecessors that are important and decisive for the Newton, and their discoveries that make it possible for Newton to formulate the laws of motion and gravity. Historically, the publication of De Revolutionobus orbium coelestium is the starting point of modern astronomy. More than that, is the starting point of modern knowledge.

Leave a Reply