R.A Kartini Biography

R.A Kartini 
Raden Ajeng Kartini was born on 21 April 1879 in the city of Jepara, Central Java. He was the son of a nobleman who was very obedient to the customs. After graduating from elementary school he was not allowed to continue their education to higher levels by the parents. He secluded while waiting to be married. Kartini, were very saddened by this, he wanted to oppose but did not dare for fear of being considered rebellious child. To get rid of her sadness, she collect textbooks and other science books and reading in the garden of a house in the company of Simbok (aides).

Eventually read into his interest, no day without reading. All books, including reading newspapers. If there is difficulty in understanding the books and newspapers they read, he always asked the father. Through this book, Kartini interested in the advancement of women think of Europe (the Netherlands, who was then still ruled Indonesia). Arises a desire to advance the women of Indonesia. Women are not only the kitchen but also must have knowledge. He started to collect the girls to be taught writing and other sciences. Amid the busy life he did not stop reading and also writing letters to his friends who are in the Netherlands. Before long he was writing a letter to Mr.JH Abendanon. He pleaded awarded a scholarship to study in the Netherlands.

The scholarship had not gotten used Kartini because she married the Duke of parents with Raden Joyodiningrat. After his marriage he took her to the Apex area. Her husband understood Kartini and supporting women to establish schools. Thanks to his perseverance Kartini had founded the School for Women in Semarang, Surabaya, Yogyakarta, Malang, Madison, Cirebon and other areas. The school's name is "Kartini School". Fame does not make Kartini became arrogant, he remained courteous, respect the family and anyone else, does not distinguish between poor and rich.

On 17 September 1904, Kartini died at the age of 25, after she gave birth to her first son. After Kartini died, Mr.JH Abendanon memngumpulkan and posted the letters RA Kartini had sent to his friends in Europe. The book was entitled "DOOR DUISTERNIS TOT Licht" which means "Light After Dark".

I hope today easy in Indonesia will be reborn-Kartini Kartini else will fight for the interests of the people. In the era of Kartini, the late 19th to early 20th century, women have not gained the freedom of this country in many ways. They are not allowed to obtain a higher education as he had not even allowed to determine
partner / husband alone, and so forth.

Kartini who feel free to make choices even felt they had no choice at all because it was born as a woman, has always been treated differently by relatives and friends are men, and feeling jealous of the freedom of Dutch women, eventually growing desire and determination in his heart to change habits that are less good. Recently, the determination of the date of the birth of Kartini as the big day is somewhat moot. With a variety of arguments, each party to give the opinion of each. People who are not so agree, there are not only celebrating Kartini Day, but at the same time to celebrate Mother's Day on December 22.

Their reasoning is that no favoritism with Indonesian women heroes of the other. However, more extreme says, there is another heroine who is more powerful than the RA Kartini. According to them, the struggle was only in Jepara Kartini and Apex alone, Kartini also never bear arms against the invaders. And various other reasons. While they are pro even said Kartini not just a figure of the woman who raised the degree of emancipation of women but Indonesia is the only national figure means that, with new ideas and reforms that he has been fighting for the interests of his nation. The way he thought was in the national scope. Even the Youth Pledge has not been coined at the time, but his thoughts are not limited to the area of ​​land kelahiranya or Java. Kartini was a national reach adulthood thinking that nationalism is like that triggered by the 1928 Youth Pledge.

Regardless of the pros and cons, in the history of this nation we know many of the names of our heroines such as Cut Him 'Dien, Cut Mutiah, Nyi. Ageng Serang, Dewi Sartika, Nyi Ahmad Dahlan, Ny. Walandouw Maramis Tiahohu Martha Christina, and others. They fought in the area, at the time, and in different ways. There is a struggle in Aceh, Java, Maluku, Menado and others. There is fighting in the Dutch colonial era, the Japanese colonial period, or after independence. Some are struggling to take up arms, there is through education, through the organization and there are other ways. They are all warriors of the nation, the nation's heroes who deserve our respect and emulate.

Raden Ajeng Kartini itself is a hero who takes its place in our hearts with all goals, determination, and his actions. The ideas of it had been able to mobilize and inspire the struggle of his people from ignorance is not realized in the past. With courage and sacrifice a sincere, he was able to inspire his people from the chains of discrimination. For women alone, with initial efforts were now the women in this country has enjoyed a so-called equal rights. The struggle is not over, the era of globalization is still widely perceived oppression and discrimination against women.

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