William T. G. Morton - Pioneers Use of Anesthesia in Surgery

William T. G. Morton - Pioneers Use of Anesthesia in Surgery
William T. G. Morton 

William T. G. Morton - Pioneers Use of Anesthesia in Surgery
It could be the name of William Thomas Green Morton was not a loud bell in the ears of readers. But, in fact he was far more influential of the many famous people in the world. What for? Because he was the one who introduced the use of anesthesia in surgery.

Little invention in the history of the human person is respected by so high, as anesthesia, and not a lot of discovery so profound it apart from its previous state. Surgery is unforgiving at times past while the patient is forced to be conscious when the physician is a surgical bone saw something unimaginable. Fainting crew could hear it. The ability to end all suffering unbearable pain is terrible in itself something that the greatest gift ever given by a fellow human being to other human beings.

Morton was born in Charlton, Massachusetts in 1819. As a young dental surgery study at the Academy of Baltimore. In 1842 he started to go to the dentist. Briefly in 1842 and 1843 he collaborated with Horace Wells, dentist somewhat older who are also interested in these issues of general anesthesia or sedation. Seems lately that cooperation is not profitable, so they broke out in 1843.
A year later, Horace Wells experimented with nitrous oxide or "laughing gas" as a narcotic. He was able to use it effectively in practice dentist in Hartford, Connecticut.

Unfortunately, it does show in public in Boston failed.
In the practice of her own teeth Morton devotes attention to the problem of how to wear false teeth were bad people. To do this properly, it is absolutely necessary to break down the old tooth roots exposed. Before any anesthesia, broken, break it bring the pain like the devil strangled. Anyone not realize the meaning of the absurdly tall anesthesia it. Morton rightly calculated that "nitrous oxide" is not sufficient for such purposes. He was looking for a more effective material.

Charles T. Jackson, a physician and scientist known Morton proposed to use the "ether." That the power of anesthetic ether have been known by a Swiss physician and chemist, Paracelsus, three hundred years earlier. Similarly, two or three similar reports have been printed at the beginning of the 19th century. But neither Jackson nor the people who write about the ether never to use it as a drug at a time when the operation is running.

Ether-containing sounds good chance for Morton and he was soon experimenting, first on animals (including his dog) and then himself. Finally, on 30 September 1846 came the great opportunity to try the use of ether in a patient. A man named Eben Frost Morton hurried to the office while screaming toothache and just what to do with the origin of the pain can disappear. Morton sedate him and pulling teeth. Forst realized when he reported there is no pain at all. It is hard to imagine what else the opportunity is better for Morton to achieve fame, success and fortune.

Although the operation was there any witnesses and published by the Boston newspapers the next day, but not a lot of attention. Obviously, it still required a more dramatic demonstration. Dr. Morton then asked for the willingness. John C. Warren, a surgeon at the Veteran's Hospital Boston, Massachusetts, into giving him the opportunity to use drug prevention in the presence of pain doctors. Dr. Warren agrees with the plan of operations was established in the hospital. That's where, on October 16, 1846, witnessed a number of doctors and medical students Morton anesthetize Gilbert Abbott patients who want surgery. Dr. Warren operated on a tumor from his neck.

Anesthesia is fully effective and the show gained a huge success, immediately reported by the newspapers, and since it began in surgical anesthesia fellow many years.

A few days after surgery Gilbert Abbott, both Morton and Jackson asked for the recognition of patent rights. Although the patent was granted to them in the next month, after all disputes arising between them. Morton demands that he is the one who most deserve to be called the inventor of the drug, was opposed by some people, especially Jackson. However, Morton hopes his invention will make him rich, it turns off the mark. Generally, doctors and hospitals that use ether would not bother to pay compensation to Morton. The cost of a complaint to court and fight for confirmation that he is the most entitled to the discovery of drugs was far more than it receives. He gets frustrated and becomes Rudin, and ultimately died in 1868 in the city of New York, had not yet reached the age of forty-nine years.

The use of anesthesia in dentistry and in the field of surgery in general, obviously have great significance. In calculating the weight of the importance of Morton in general, the main difficulty is to decide to what extent the stock appearance of anesthesia should be divided between Morton with various people involved in the matter. Another important person that must be taken into account are: Horace Wells, Charles Jackson and Crawford W. Long, a physician from Georgia. Taking into account the terms of the facts, it seems to me that Morton is much more important contribution than the others, and I felt it was put in place a proper order.

It is true that Harold Wells was using anesthesia in the practice of his teeth almost two years before Morton's work, using ether as an anesthetic. However, anethesia used nitrous oxide-Wells-unable to revolutionize the field of surgery. In addition to these qualities it contains, nitrous oxide alone is not strong enough for anesthesia in major surgery. (It is useful now when used in combination with other drugs, and also in fields related to the tooth). In contrast, ether was miraculously effective and high quality medicines and are able to revolutionize the field of surgery. In general, individual cases, could have found the choice of drug or drug combination is preferred over ether. But, on average etherlah the most commonly used. Regardless of the deficiencies that exist in the ether (flammable, and nausea usually occur after its use), yet he remains a superior drug ever discovered. Easily removable, easily monitored, and most importantly ensure the safety and have a strong power.

Crawford W. Long (born in 1815 died in 1878) is a Georgia doctor who used ether in surgery since 1842, meaning that four years before Morton demonstration. However, Long did not publish their results until 1849, long after Morton demonstrates the use of ether for anesthesia in surgery. Consequently, attempts Long only enjoyed by a small number of patients, while Morton is widely enjoyed.

Charles Jackson suggested that Morton uses ether, and he also gives useful advice Bagimana how to use it. However, Jackson himself never used ether in operations work, and also not before Morton's work, he tried to tell the world what he knows about medicine ether. Morton was not Jackson who take risks to show in public. When Gilbert Abbott died on the operating table, is superfluous asks Jackson.

Where William Morton is in the order Biography list? One could perhaps be compared at a glance comparison between Morton and Joseph Lister. Both doctors, they are equally famous for introducing a new technique or in ways that revolutionized the field of surgery and childbirth, in terms of new discoveries may be said, both are very real, and none of them are published to the application of techniques and popularize the works of experiments, and each must share the same respect for each other inventions. I put a slightly higher position than the Morton Lister mainly because I believe that in the long term measures to introduce more anesthesia is a significant development of antiseptics in surgery. In addition, to some extent, modern antibiotics can replace the deficiencies that existed at the time of antiseptic surgery. Without anesthesia, operating an intricate and time consuming can not be done well. Even the simplest surgery is often avoided until too late to help.

Morton demonstration anesthesia performed early in October 1846 was a milestone in human history, perhaps no words that more accurately describe this than text engraved on the monument to commemorate

William T. G. Morton
Discoverer of anesthesia with surgery when the pain disappeared, previously dissected incomparable pain, a pain since it terkendalikanlah by science.

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